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Référence :

Islamochristiana 41 (2015) 129–1



Thoughts on raḥma in Islamic religious tradition

Abstract : This essay deals with ‘mercy’ or rahma, not as a divine characteristic, but rather as the basic ele-ment in the relations the good Muslim must maintain with his neighbour. Looking at the times the root r–ḥ–mis mentioned in the Qur’an, one can see that reciprocal mercy means, on the one hand, family rela-tions (cfr. raḥīm), that is to say between parents and children, and between spouses (respectively Qur’ān17,24 et 30,21), and, on the other hand, it refers similarly to believers, Muslims and Christians (respecti-vely Qur’ān90,17 et 57,27), by presenting itself as a common element between believers of different re-ligions. This study seeks to underline the peculiarities of raḥmain the context of Islamic preaching, ba-sing itself on the Tradition (mainly the Six books but also, for example, a work of Ibn Ṭulūn al–Ṣāliḥī, d.953/1546, dedicated wholly to raḥma) and on certain important Sunni commentaries, especially those ofthe classical period.[17]Raḥma dans la tradition religieuse islamique145

Titre original : “Réflexions sur la raḥma dans la tradition religieuse islamique”

RÉSUMÉ : Cet essai traite de la « miséricorde » ou raḥma, non pas comme une caractéristique de la divinité, mais plutôt comme l’élément fondateur des relations que le bon musulman doit entretenir avec son prochain. En partant des récurrences de la racine r–ḥ–m dans le Coran, on observe que la miséricorde mutuelle désigne, d’un côté, les relations familiales (cfr. raḥīm), notamment entre les parents et les enfants, et entre les époux (respectivement Coran 17,24 et 30,21), et d’un autre côté elle s’applique aux croyants, musulmans et chrétiens, de la même manière (respectivement Coran 90,17 et 57,27), en se présentant ainsi comme un élément commun entre des fidèles de religions différentes. Cette recherche entend dégager les particularités de la raḥma dans le contexte de la prédication islamique, en s’appuyant sur la Tradition (principalement les Six Livres mais aussi, par exemple, une oeuvre de Ibn Ṭulūn al–Ṣāliḥī, m. 953/1546, consacrée uniquement à la raḥma) et sur certains commentaires sunnites importants, en particulier de l’époque classique.

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