Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

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Catholic
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Référence :

Islamochristiana 36 (2010) 47–62

English

2010

Ashura in sunnite mirrors, confused borders between joy and sadness

Original title: “Ashura in sunnite mirrors, confused borders between joy and sadness”

SUMMARY: This article analyzes the Sunnite views of ‘Āshūrā’ and the assassination/martyrdom of al–Ḥusayn, the grandson of the Prophet Muḥammad. It is not an exhaustive work; it is rather selective, searching for meaningful examples to demonstrate the diversity of opinions among Sunnite Muslims in the past and modern times, in moving borders between the two communities. The three main texts analyzed are those of Abū Bakr Ibn al–‘Arabī (d. 1148), Ibn Khaldūn (d. 1406) and Mawdūdī (d. 1979). A variety of opinions vacillates from the compassion with al–Ḥusayn’s tragedy to a more cautious position. The core of the question is the moral evaluation of the first generations of Islam, from whom Muslims received the Message. The credibility of the Prophet’s Companions remains a crucial doctrine in the Sunnite mind, the scandal of Karbalā’ was not the only challenge but perhaps the most eloquent.

Titre original : “Ashura in sunnite mirrors, confused borders between joy and sadness”

Résumé

Cet article analyse les points de vue sunnites sur ‘Āshūrā’ et l’assassinat/martyre d’al–Ḥusayn, le petit–fils du Prophète Muḥammad. Ce n’est pas un travail exhaustif, mais plutôt sélectif. Il recherche des exemples pertinents pour démontrer la diversité des opinions parmi les musulmans sunnites dans le passé et aujourd’hui, à la charnière des frontières mouvantes entre les deux communautés. Les trois principaux textes analysés sont d’Abū Bakr Ibn al–‘Arabī (m. 1148), Ibn Khaldūn (m. 1406) et Mawdūdī (m. 1979). Une variété d’opinions qui vacille entre la compassion avec la tragédie d’al–Ḥusayn à une position plus ou moins prudente. Le noyau de la question est l’évaluation morale des premières générations de l’Islam, dont les musulmans ont reçu le Message. La crédibilité des Compagnons du Prophète reste une doctrine essentielle pour la mentalité sunnite, le scandale de Karbalā’ n’était pas son unique défi, mais peut-être le plus éloquent.

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