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Islamochristiana 40 (2014) 125–147
Summary: Muslim presence in Spain is much more recent than in other European countries so at times it is not clear if there is a real integration model in this country. Nevertheless, looking at the judicial framework permits the identification of quite a clear model of religious pluralism integration, which has allowed the Muslim community to establish itself and grow in Spain since the onset of democracy. The quick growth of the Muslim community is today pushing this model to its limits. The integration model is partially inspired by Catholic social–thought views on religious freedom and democracy and can be qualified as moderate communitarianism. A view from the Muslim perspective allows us to perceive the achievements of this model as well as to foresee some developments that will be necessary in order to meet today’s challenges.
Titre original : “Islam’s integration in Spain”
La présence musulmane en Espagne est bien plus récente que dans d’autres pays européens, si bien que parfois l’existence, dans ce pays, d’un vrai modèle d’intégration n’est pas claire. Cependant, la considération du cadre juridique permet d’identifier un modèle clair d’intégration religieuse pluraliste qui a permis à la communauté musulmane de s’établir et de croître en Espagne depuis le début de la démocratie. Aujourd’hui, la croissance rapide de la communauté musulmane est en train de pousser ce modèle jusqu’à ses extrêmes limites. Le modèle d’intégration est en partie inspiré par les idées de la pensée sociale catholique relative à la liberté religieuse et à la démocratie, et il peut être qualifié de communitarisme modéré. Une considération du point de vue musulman nous permet de percevoir les réalisations de ce modèle et de prévoir certains développements rendus nécessaires en vue d’affronter les défis d’aujourd’hui.
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