Islamochristiana 38 (2012) 45–61
Original title : “The Gratitude of Man and the Gratitude of God. Notes on šukr in Traditional Islamic Thoughts”
SUMMARY: The present essay is intended as a contribution to the study of gratitude or šukr within the Islamic tradition, beginning with the Koranic use of the root škr (and more particularly its derivative šakūr), examining its explicit implications for early lexicography (IbnManẓūr), noting the presence of these implications in traditional thought (Ibn Abī al–Dunyā and al–Ḫarā’iṭī) and proposing some comparisons with theological speculation (Abū Ḥāmid al–Ġazālī and Ibn Qayyim al–Ǧawziyya). In the light of the sources consulted, gratitude emerges as a crucial ingredient of faith, a cornerstone of a conscientious Islamic ethic, and not least an important linking element between the divine practice and the duties of man, both in terms of the harmony between man’s thankfulness to God and God’s satisfaction with the believer, and in terms of the close connection between the gratitude owed to God and that owed to a brother benefactor. Finally, man is seen as a creature endowed with an awareness whose highest vocation is, precisely, gratitude.
Titre original : “The Gratitude of Man and the Gratitude of God. Notes on šukr in Traditional Islamic Thoughts”
Le présent essai est une contribution à l’étude de la gratitude dans la tradition islamique, en commençant par l’usage coranique de la racine škr (et plus particulièrement du mot šakūr), en examinant ses implications explicites dans la lexicographie primitive (Ibn Manẓūr), en notant la présence de ses implications dans la pensée traditionnelle (Ibn Abīal – Dunyā and al-Ḫarā’iṭī) et en proposant quelques comparaisons avec la spéculation théologique (Abū Ḥāmid al–Ġazālī and Ibn Qayyim al–Ǧawziyya). A la lumière des sources consultées, la gratitude émerge comme un ingrédient essentiel de la foi, la pierre angulaire d’une éthique islamique consciente, et surtout un lien important reliant la pratique divine et les devoirs de l’homme, à la fois en termes d’harmonie entre la gratitude de l’homme envers Dieu et la satisfaction de Dieu à l’égard du croyant, et en termes de relation étroite entre la gratitude due à Dieu et celle qui est due à un bienfaiteur humain. Enfin, l’homme est vu comme une créature douée d’une conscience dont la plus haute vocation est précisément la gratitude.
The Gratitude of Man and the Gratitude of God. Notes on šukr in Traditional Islamic Thoughts
Original title : "The Gratitude of Man and the Gratitude of God. Notes on šukr in Traditional Islamic Thoughts" SUMMARY: The present essay is intended as a contribution to the study of gratitude o...
Return, Repentance, Amendment, Reform, Reconversion. A contribution to the study of Tawba in the Context of Islamic Ethics
Abstract The present essay aims to explore, within the general framework of Islamic ethics, the complex notion of tawba, whose immediate peculiarity lies in its double meaning, being akin to “repe...
Thoughts on raḥma in Islamic religious tradition
Abstract : This essay deals with ‘mercy’ or rahma, not as a divine characteristic, but rather as the basic ele-ment in the relations the good Muslim must maintain with his neighbour. Looking at the...
Ḥilm or “Judiciousness”: A Contribution to the Study of Islamic Ethics
First lines of the introduction "Among the ninety-nine Beautiful Names of God listed in Islamic religious literature, there appears al-ḥalīm, deriving directly from the text of the Koran. As is ...
Silence and Speech Etiquette, A Contribution to the Study of Islamic Ethics
Abstract: When speaking of silence, the Koran employs three different verbal roots (ṣ-m-t, s-k-t, n-ṣ-t); on the basis of this linguistic profusion, Arabic Islamic culture has elaborated a complex ...
Overcoming the Imperialist Seduction: A Polylogue Reading of Mary towards a Theology of Peace
"The current war waged by Russia against Ukraine once again sheds light on the ambivalent role of religion in violent conflicts, and especially the use of religious figures for imperialist politica...
Islamochristiana 48 : Christian Theological Engagement with Islam
“PISAI is pleased to announce the publication of Islamochristiana 48 (dated 2022), an issue devoted to the theme “The theological engagement of Christians with Islam”. The encount...
The Science of Letters and Alchemy in Ibn ʿArabī’s Jesus
"This article briefly presents what the science of letters and alchemy meant for Ibn ʿArabī and explains why this Sufi mystic attributes the highest degree of these sciences to Jesus. We will see h...
Bad guy or good guy? The framing of an imam
In this paper, we investigate framing in the case of an imam in Switzerland. We conducted a qualitative content analysis of 175 articles from Swiss newspapers and public broadcasting websites in Ge...
Breaking Ramadan in the city centre. The public presentation of a young Muslim association
By Federico Biasca and Guillaume Chatagny "This article presents, describes, and analyses an event for breaking the fast organized in the public sphere by a local association of young Muslims in...
Syriac Theology: Past and Present
“This volume takes us back to the roots of Christianity and exemplifies the significance of Syriac Theology for our time. Bringing together articles by scholars from diverse disciplines, this...
Being yourself through the other. How I grew up in a context of diversity
“This book retraces the itinerary of Michel Younès in which he shows that otherness is part of identity. In a context where cultural and religious diversity is no longer an option, he seeks t...
The Caliphate and Secularism. Syrian perspectives
The book confronts us with two opposing possibilities facing contemporary Arab society, namely the caliphate and secularism. While the former refers to the Islamic monarchy, theocracy and absolute ...