Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

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the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Islamic populism: a non-Western response to globalisation

Article in Spanish

Resumen: Los excesos de la globalización, los regímenes híbridos en el mundo musulmán, la falta de credibilidad de los proyectos pana- rabistas y panislámicos, etc., han provocado que una importante parte de la umma –la co- munidad de creyentes del islam– busque res- puestas alternativas a las opciones políticas tradicionales. Frente a las repuestas neofun- damentalistas,posislamistasoconservadoras en algunas sociedades islámicas, comienzan a emerger otras opciones como el «populismo islámico», que recoge algunos elementos ya apuntados por la Revolución Iraní pero que incorpora nuevas demandas derivadas de las condiciones políticas, sociales y económicas actuales. El presente artículo busca identi car estos elementos que constituyen el populismo islámico mediante un estudio comparado de los casos de Egipto, Turquía, Indonesia e Irán.

Abstract: Globalisation’s excesses, the Mus- lim world’s hybrid regimes and the lack of credibility of pan-Arab and pan-Islamic pro- jects have, along with other factors, caused a signi cant part of the umma to seek al- ternative responses to the traditional politi- cal options. As well as neo-fundamentalist, post-Islamist and conservative responses, in some Islamic societies other options such as “Islamic populism” are beginning to emerge, which takes up certain features of the Iranian Revolution but incorporating new demands deriving from contemporary political, social and economic conditions. This paper seeks to identify the elements that constitute Islamic populism through a comparative study of the cases of Egypt, Turkey, Indonesia and Iran.

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Article en espagnol

Resumen: Los excesos de la globalización, los regímenes híbridos en el mundo musulmán, la falta de credibilidad de los proyectos pana- rabistas y panislámicos, etc., han provocado que una importante parte de la umma –la co- munidad de creyentes del islam– busque res- puestas alternativas a las opciones políticas tradicionales. Frente a las repuestas neofun- damentalistas,posislamistasoconservadoras en algunas sociedades islámicas, comienzan a emerger otras opciones como el «populismo islámico», que recoge algunos elementos ya apuntados por la Revolución Iraní pero que incorpora nuevas demandas derivadas de las condiciones políticas, sociales y económicas actuales. El presente artículo busca identi car estos elementos que constituyen el populismo islámico mediante un estudio comparado de los casos de Egipto, Turquía, Indonesia e Irán.

Abstract: Globalisation’s excesses, the Mus- lim world’s hybrid regimes and the lack of credibility of pan-Arab and pan-Islamic pro- jects have, along with other factors, caused a signi cant part of the umma to seek al- ternative responses to the traditional politi- cal options. As well as neo-fundamentalist, post-Islamist and conservative responses, in some Islamic societies other options such as “Islamic populism” are beginning to emerge, which takes up certain features of the Iranian Revolution but incorporating new demands deriving from contemporary political, social and economic conditions. This paper seeks to identify the elements that constitute Islamic populism through a comparative study of the cases of Egypt, Turkey, Indonesia and Iran.

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