University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European

Supported by
the International
of Catholic

Référence :

in La religion dans l’espace démocratique, L’Harmattan, 2015, p. 203-2013.



Salafist Islam, despotism and modernity according to Abdel-Jawâd Yassine

Original title : “Islam salafiste, despotisme et modernité d’après Abdel-Jawâd Yassine”

The societies of the Middle East remain more marked than elsewhere by the omnipresence of the religious fact both in social structures and in political institutions. It seems opportune to present an Egyptian author, Abdel Jawad Yassine, whose work, published in Arabic, addresses the relationship between religion and power in Islam. He makes a working hypothesis which he states as follows: “First, political theory in Islam is a positive (historical) theory which has no foundation in the “Text” (the Koran). On the contrary, it is a human achievement. Secondly, this theory does not meet the criteria of political and social modernity. ‘ The following talk traces the main ideas developed in a trilogy he wrote between 2000 and 2012. They can be summarized under three titles that mark historical Islam: 1- A Salafist religion. 2- A despotic power. 3- A modernity in suspense.

Presentation of the book

The studies presented in this book invite us to reflect on political philosophy, history or theology and to examine the relationship between democracy and religion in the democratic space. The analyses focus on the contemporary and European context of cultures marked by Christianity, and open up to 19th century America and Middle Eastern Islam.

Published in the book La religion dans l’espace démocratique (Religion in the democratic space), directed by Jean-Luc Blaquard

Les sociétés du Moyen-Orient restent plus qu’ailleurs marquées par l’omniprésence du fait religieux tant dans les structures sociales que dans les institutions politiques. Il semble opportun de présenter un auteur égyptien, Abdel Jawad Yassine, dont l’œuvre, publiée en arabe, aborde le rapport entre la religion et le pouvoir en islam. Il fait une hypothèse de travail qu’il énonce ainsi : “Premièrement, la théorie politique en islam est une théorie positive (historique) qui n’a pas de fondement dans le “Texte” (le Coran). Au contraire, elle est une réalisation humaine. Deuxièmement, cette théorie ne répond pas aux critères de la modernité politique et sociale.” L’exposé qui suit trace les idées maîtresses développées dans une trilogie qu’il a écrite entre 2000 et 2012. Elles peuvent se résumer sous trois titres qui marquent l’islam historique : 1- Une religion salafiste. 2- Un pouvoir despotique. 3- Une modernité en suspens.

Présentation de l’ouvrage

Les études présentées dans cet ouvrage invitent à une réflexion dans une perspective de philosophie politique, d’histoire ou de théologie et à s’interroger sur les relations entre démocratie et religion dans l’espace démocratique. Les analyses portent principalement sur le contexte contemporain et européen des cultures marquées par le christianisme, et s’ouvrent vers l’Amérique du XIXe siècle et vers l’islam du Proche-Orient.

Resources related toFundamentalism


Does the pandemic affect radicalisation?

  • Patrice Brodeur

Collaboration between Canadian and French researchers in the framework of the Centre Jacques Cartier talks, promoting partnerships between the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and Quebec.


The Fate of Others in 14th century Hanbalism

  • Marco Demichelis

Abstract In a recent publication entitled Ibn Taymiyya’s Theological Ethics, Sophia Vasalou tackles the moral objectivism that Ibn Taymiyya would reworked inspired to the unorthodox thought of M...


The evolution of terrorism from Al Qaeda to ISIS: organization, methodology and profiles

  • Alberto Priego Moreno

Original title : "La evolución del terrorismo de Al Qaeda al ISIS: organización, metodología y perfiles" Abstract In the last 25 years international terrorism has evolved significantly. The e...


Religious Violence, Political Ends

  • Marco Demichelis

Since antiquity, religious violence based on political motives has been and remains a common practice: the atrocities committed by the Roman Empire against the first Christian communities were quic...


Salafist Islam, despotism and modernity according to Abdel-Jawâd Yassine

  • Samir Arbache

Original title : "Islam salafiste, despotisme et modernité d'après Abdel-Jawâd Yassine" The societies of the Middle East remain more marked than elsewhere by the omnipresence of the religious fa...


Fundamentalism, Extremism, Fanaticism and Religious Terrorism. An effort at Clarification

  • Alberto Priego Moreno

Original title: "Fundamentalismo, extremismo, fanatismo y terrorismo religioso. una clarificación de los conceptos" Abstract In recent years, we have witnessed an increase in terrorist ac...


Controversy over the perception and status of the other (wala and bara)

  • Emmanuel Pisani

Lecture by Emmanuel PISANI, during the Second International Congress of PLURIEL in Rome The concepts of wala and bara [loyalty/friendship – disloyalty/enmity] have led to the development of a theo...


Morocco, a fundamentalist state?

The fundamentalist attitude has several variations. In the Moroccan context, the mechanisms of state fundamentalism are linked in particular to the genealogical referent of the Alaouite dynasty in ...