in Annali di scienze religiosi, Turnhout, (ASR,9), pp 271-294
In a recent publication entitled Ibn Taymiyya’s Theological Ethics, Sophia Vasalou tackles the moral objectivism that Ibn Taymiyya would reworked inspired to the unorthodox thought of Mu‘tazilite school. The importance of this comparison not only clarifies the relationship between these two actors of the Islamic Kalām, but points out that the neo-Hanbali reformist had to recognize a via media between Mu‘tazilite logical rationalism and Ash‘arite orthodoxy. In the last fifty years Ibn Taymiyya was perhaps one of the most analyzed Muslim theologians, but also one of the least understood because crushed by the ideological embrace of those who identified him as the main inspiration behind current Neo-Wahhabi ideology. This article delves into the eschatological vision of Ibn Taymiyyah and of his main student, Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya (d. 1350/750), emphasizing the attention, despite of what it might imagine, on the heterodox theory of Fanā’ an -Nār, the annihilation of Hell: there will be a time known only by God, where the hell will no longer exist because no longer inhabited. A survey that emphasizes not only the difficulty in exploiting the thought of Ibn Taymiyya, but also in making it conform to contemporary ideological interests.
Titre original : “The Fate of Others in 14th century Hanbalism”
Dans une publication récente intitulée L’éthique théologique d’Ibn Taymiyya, Sophia Vasalou aborde l’objectivisme moral qu’Ibn Taymiyya allait repenser en s’inspirant de la pensée peu orthodoxe de l’école Mu’tazilite. L’importance de cette comparaison non seulement clarifie la relation entre ces deux acteurs du Kalām islamique, mais souligne que le réformateur néo-Hanbali a dû reconnaître une via media entre le rationalisme logique mu’tazilite et l’orthodoxie ash’arite. Au cours des cinquante dernières années, Ibn Taymiyya était peut-être l’un des théologiens musulmans les plus étudiés, mais aussi l’un des moins compris, écrasé par l’étreinte idéologique de ceux qui l’ont identifié comme la principale source d’inspiration de l’idéologie néo-wahhabite actuelle. Cet article explore la vision eschatologique d’Ibn Taymiyyah et de son principal disciple, Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya (m. 1350/750), qui prêta attention, malgré ce que l’on pourrait imaginer, à la théorie hétérodoxe de Fanā an-Nār, l’anéantissement de l’Enfer : “Il y aura un temps connu seulement par Dieu, où l’enfer n’existera plus parce qu’il n’est plus habité”. Une étude qui souligne non seulement la difficulté à exploiter la pensée d’Ibn Taymiyya, mais aussi à la rendre conforme aux intérêts idéologiques contemporains.
Titolo originale : “The Fate of Others in 14th century Hanbalism”
In una recente pubblicazione dal titolo Ibn Taymiyya’s Theological Ethics, Sophia Vasalou affronta l’obbiettivismo morale che il teologo neo-Hanbalita avrebbe rielaborato ispirandosi al pensiero eterodosso della scuola Mu‘tazilita. L’importanza di questo confronto non solo chiarisce il legame esistente tra questi due protagonisti, ma sottolinea come il riformista in questione abbia dovuto riconoscere una via media tra il razionalismo Mu‘tazilita e l’ortodossia Ash‘arita. Negli ultimi cinquat’anni Ibn Taymiyya è stato forse uno dei teologi musulmani più analizzato, ma anche uno di quelli meno compresi, perché schiacciato dall’abbraccio ideologico di chi lo ha identificato come il principale ispiratore dell’odierna corrente Neo-Wahhabita. Questo articolo approfondisce la visione escatologica di Ibn Taymiyya e del suo principale allievo, Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya (d. 1350/750), enfatizzando l’attenzione, a dispetto di quello che si potrebbe immaginare, all’eterodossa teoria del Fanā’ an-Nār, l’annientamento dell’inferno: ci sarà un tempo, conosciuto a Dio soltanto, nel quale l’inferno non esisterà più perché disabitato. Studio che enfatizza non soltanto la difficoltà nello strumentalizzare il pensiero di Ibn Taymiyya, ma anche nel renderlo conforme agli interessi ideologici contemporanei.
The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue
Abstract “Muhammad is not the father of any one of your men; he is God’s messenger and the Seal of the Prophets: God knows everything.” (33:40). The deconstruction of the concept of “the Seal of...
The Oromo and the historical process of Islamisation in Ethiopia
Abstract The historical interaction between Islam and Christianity in the Horn of Africa is profoundly connected with the region’s specifi c historical, linguistic and cultural characteristics. ...
The Fate of Others in 14th century Hanbalism
Abstract In a recent publication entitled Ibn Taymiyya’s Theological Ethics, Sophia Vasalou tackles the moral objectivism that Ibn Taymiyya would reworked inspired to the unorthodox thought of M...
The Mihna. Deconstruction and reconsideration of the Mu’tazilite role in the “Inquisition
Abstract The Miḥna has usually been attributed to the Mu‘tazilite theological school as expression of something unusual, a bid‘ah (Islamic innovation) related to a rationalist group of theologia...
Salvation and Hell in Classical Islamic Thought.
Presentation : Salvation and Hell in Classical Islamic Thought uses classical Islamic sources to trace the development of Islamic eschatology during the formative centuries of Islamic intellectu...
Religious Violence, Political Ends, Nationalism, Citizenship and Radicalizations in the Middle East and Europe
Since antiquity, religious violence based on political motives has been and remains a common practice: the atrocities committed by the Roman Empire against the first Christian communities were quic...
When religion divides the “community”. Dynamics of violence and pacification within Arab Levant
Conference of Marco DEMICHELIS, at the second international Congress of PLURIEL Abstract Since the nineteenth century, the dynamics of inter-religious conflict within the Arab world accentuated...
Presentation of the congress “Islam and Belonging” of PLURIEL
With the voices of members of the Scientific Comittee
The historical debate on secularisation between F. Antun and M. Abduh.
Full title : 'The historical debate on secularisation between F. Antun and M. Abduh. God's absolutism and Islam's irrationality as cornerstones of orientalist islamic-christian dispute during the N...
Dār al-islām and dār al-ḥarb in contemporary Muslim thought
The purpose of the proposed paper is to question the division of the world into dār al-islām (land of Islam) and dār al-ḥarb (land of war), which is a classification introduced by Muslim jurisconsu...
Unity of God and unity in God – a possible perspective and way of dialogue between the believers?
A shῑ‘ῑ perspective of dialogue developed by D. Mohammad Ali Shomali. Talking about unity between believers and calling them to act upon it is not new in Islam. The Qur’ān and the early history o...
Is God a Lawgiver? Christian and Muslim Perspectives on Ius divinum
Law that invokes divine appointment or other religious justifications is repeatedly the focus of general attention in Germany. Beyond the concrete religious legal provisions, there is a reflection ...
Jalāl Al-Dīn Al-Suyūṭī: An Historical Contextualization Between Life and Works
Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyuṭī (1445-1505), as a religious scholar of the Egyptian Mamluk era, one of the most prominent scholars of the pre-modern Islamic world, is the most prolific author in all of ...
Islamic Hermeneutics of Nonviolence: Key Concepts and Methodological Steps
The article traces the key concepts and methodological steps that make an Islamic theology of nonviolence plausible. It offers the tools for a critical reading of classical texts, “sacred” history,...
Authority according to the Qur’an and the authority of the Qur’an: from model to realisation
Conference « Religious Authority in Islam », organised by the Centre for the Study of Cultures and Religions and the Research Unit of the Catholic University of Lyon (UCLy), on 18 and 19 November 2...
Al-Tirmidhî and mystical mediation
Lecture given on 14 October 2021 at the Catholic University of Lyon during the conference « Radicalisation leading to violence in the name of Islam, Epistemological, methodological and ethical appr...
God’s Word and Human Language Christian theology of revelation and Islamic positions on the inimitability of the Koran
God’s Word is at the centre of both the Christian and Islamic faiths. Revelation and language are thus closely related in both religions. Tobias Specker brings Islamic and Christian theology,...