University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European

Supported by
the International
of Catholic

Institut dominicain d’Etudes orientales

Iǧtihād and taqlīd in Sunnī and Šīʿī Islam

Call for papers for MIDEO 36 (2021), Journal of the Dominican Institute for Oriental Studies

In the context of the Islamic reformism that emerged as early as the 18th century, some Muslim voices were raised against the practice of taqlīd (‘legal conformity’), and which has been accused of being responsible for the decline of the Islamic world. Following the thought of Ibn Taymiyya (d. 728/1328) and the example of Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb (d. 1792), the Yemeni Salafists al-Ṣanʿānī (d. 1768) and al-Šawkānī (d. 1834), the Mughal revivalist Šāh Walī Allāh (d. 1762?), and even the Egyptian thinkers Muḥammad ʿAbduh (d. 1905) and Rašīd Riḍā (d. 1935), all called for the renewal of the practice of ‘reasoned reflection’ (iǧtihād) in Islam, and for overcoming the practice of taqlīd in legal schools, which were considered as ossifying.

Read the call :

Appel à contribution pour la revue MIDÉO 36 (2021) (Revue de l’Institut Dominicain d’Etudes Orientales

  • Date limite: Les propositions d’article doivent être soumises pour évaluation à la direction du MIDÉO avant le 1er février 2020.
  •  Adresse d’envoi :
  • Remarque: les articles qui ne respectent pas les instructions aux auteurs ne seront pas évalués.

Dans le contexte du réformisme musulman apparu dès le XVIIIe siècle, certaines voix de l’islam se sont élevées contre la pratique du taqlīd(suivisme), accusée d’être responsable du déclin du monde islamique. À l’instar de Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb (m. 1792), des yéménites salafistes al-Ṣanʿānī (m. 1768) et al-Šawkānī (m. 1834), du revivitaliste moghol Šāh Walī Allāh (m. 1762 ?) ou encore des penseurs égyptiensMuḥammad ʿAbduh (m. 1905) et Rašīd Riḍā (m. 1935), tous ont appelé, en s’appuyant notamment sur la pensée d’Ibn Taymiyya (m. 728/1328), à la pratique renouvelée d’une réflexion sur l’islam (iǧtihād), et au dépassement du suivisme des écoles juridiques, considéré comme sclérosant.

Dans ce contexte, il s’en est suivi une critique acérée du taqlīd et une mise en valeur appuyée de l’iǧtihād, l’un et l’autre étant pensés, dans le paradigme du réformisme, comme antagonistes.

Lire la suite de l’appel :

Resources related to keywords


Religions put to the test by freedom of expression

  • Michel Younès
  • Mohamed-Ali Mostfa
  • Malek Chaïeb

“In the republican context, freedom of expression involves all the players in society and mobilises a wide range of intellectual resources. What then are the conditions that foster it while r...


Islam & Otherness. Proceedings of the Pluriel congress in Beirut

  • Mohamed-Ali Mostfa
  • Michel Younès
  • Roula Talhouk

Edited by Michel Younès, Ali Mostfa and Roula Talhouk “In a contemporary context marked by a growing tendency to lock oneself into oppositional logics, reflection on otherness in Islam opens ...


Making religion online: the case of Islam

  • Mohamed-Ali Mostfa

Islam in the digital age is becoming an inescapable reality in the lives of believers, thus introducing a new modality in the understanding of Islamic faith. From now on, the sacred text, rituals, ...


A reading of Ibn Arabi in light of the theology of religions

  • Jaime Flaquer Garcia

Abstract: “A Reading of Ibn ‘Arabī in the Light of the Theology of Religions”. Ibn ‘Arabī proposes a universal religion which encompasses all religions but which is theophanised synthetically in th...


Muslim Social Action in Europe: Community Engagement, Charitable Contribution, and Religious Activism in France, Switzerland, and Great Britain.

  • Baptiste Brodard

In France, as in other European countries, Muslim associations offer charitable services including the distribution of food parcels to low-income families, outreach to the homeless, academic suppor...


From Islamic Reference to Conservative Pragmatism – The Sinuous Paths of the Moroccan JDP Discourse

  • Mohamed-Ali Mostfa

"The relationship between the political and religious fields in Morocco is generally based on tactical choices and pragmatic issues, often far from simple ideological orientations. In this context,...


Authority in Islam. What regulation? Proceedings of the symposium.

  • Michel Younès
  • Mohamed-Ali Mostfa

“It is often said: “”no clergy in Islam””. In the absence of a hierarchical and universal magisterial authority, what are the instances and figures that serve as regul...


Overcoming the Imperialist Seduction: A Polylogue Reading of Mary towards a Theology of Peace

  • Michaela Quast-Neulinger

"The current war waged by Russia against Ukraine once again sheds light on the ambivalent role of religion in violent conflicts, and especially the use of religious figures for imperialist politica...