Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Publisher : Ashgate -

English

2012
242

Judging in the Islamic, Jewish and Zoroastrian Legal Traditions: A Comparison of Theory and Practice.

This book presents a comparative analysis of the judiciary in the Islamic, Jewish and Zoroastrian legal systems. It compares postulations of legal theory to legal practice in order to show that social practice can diverge significantly from religious and legal principles. It thus provides a greater understanding of the real functions of religion in these legal systems, regardless of the dogmatic positions of the religions themselves. The judiciary is the focus of the study as it is the judge who is obliged to administer to legal texts while having to consider social realities being sometimes at variance with religious ethics and legal rules deriving from them. This book fills a gap in the literature examining Islamic, Jewish and Zoroastrian law and as such will open new possibilities for further studies in the field of comparative law. It will be a valuable resource for those working in the areas of comparative law, law and religion, law and society, and legal anthropology.

Ce livre présente une analyse comparative des systèmes judiciaire islamique, juif et zoroastrien. Il compare les postulations de la théorie à la pratique juridique afin de montrer que la pratique sociale peut s’éloigner de beaucoup des principes religieux et juridiques. Il fournit ainsi une meilleure compréhension des fonctions réelles de la religion dans ces systèmes juridiques, indépendamment des positions dogmatiques des religions elles-mêmes. Le judiciaire est au centre de l’étude car c’est le juge qui est obligé d’administrer des textes juridiques tout en devant considérer que les réalités sociales sont parfois en contradiction avec l’éthique religieuse et les règles juridiques qui en découlent. Ce livre comble une lacune dans la littérature examinant le droit islamique, juif et zoroastrien et en tant que tel ouvrira de nouvelles possibilités pour d’autres études dans le domaine du droit comparé.

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