Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Référence :

Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política, Humanidades y Relaciones Internacionales, año 21, nº 41. Primer semestre de 2019. Pp. 465-494. ISSN 1575-6823 e-ISSN 2340-2199 doi: 10.12795/araucaria.2019.i41.22

Spanish

2019

The Theory of Inclusion / Moderation as a Gate to Islamic Populism: The Case of the Muslim Brotherhood (Egypt, Palestine, Jordan and Syria)

Original title : La Teoría de la Inclusión/Moderación como puerta hacia el Populismo Islámico: El caso de los Hermanos Musulmanes (Egipto, Palestina, Jordania y Siria)

Abstract
In the last decades we have witnessed a crisis of Islamism and various responses to overcome the aforementioned crisis. Thus, we have seen how through the inclusion of these organizations in the political game, their potions have been moderated considerably. The reality is that a good part of these movements have led to a new organizational model that can be called “Islamic populism” whose characteristics are their own and unique, although some are shared with other populist movements of another nature. This work tries to show using the case of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt as the Islamist movements can, under certain circumstances, derive a populism with Islamic characteristics.
Key-words: Populism, Islamism, Moderation, Muslim Brotherhood.

Titre original : “La Teoría de la Inclusión/Moderación como puerta hacia el Populismo Islámico: El caso de los Hermanos Musulmanes (Egipto, Palestina, Jordania y Siria)”

Résumé

Au cours des dernières décennies, nous avons été témoins d’une crise de l’islamisme et de diverses réponses pour surmonter cette crise. Ainsi, nous avons vu comment, grâce à l’acceptation de ces organisations dans le jeu politique, leurs propositions ont été revues à la baisse. La réalité est qu’une bonne partie de ces mouvements ont donné un nouveau modèle d’organisation qui peut être appelé “populisme islamique” dont les caractéristiques sont uniques, bien que certaines soient partagées avec d’autres mouvements populistes. Ce travail tente de montrer, avec le cas des Frères musulmans en Egypte, comment les mouvements islamistes peuvent, dans certaines circonstances, dériver vers un populisme aux traits islamiques.

Sumario

En las últimas décadas hemos asistido a una crisis del islamismo y a diversas respuestas para superar la mencionada crisis. Así, hemos visto como mediante la inclusión de estas organizaciones en el juego político, sus pociones se han ido moderando considerablemente. La realidad es que buena parte de estos movimientos han derivado hacia un nuevo modelo de organización que puede ser denominada como “populismo islámico” cuyas características son propias y singulares, aunque algunas son compartidas con otros movimientos populistas de otra índole. Este trabajo trata de mostrar usando el caso de los Hermanos Musulmanes en Egipto como los movimientos islamistas pueden, bajo determinadas circunstancias, derivar hace un populismo con características islámicas.

Palabras-clave: Populismo, Islamismo, Moderación, Hermanos Musulmanes.

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