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Référence :

Religioni, Diritti ed Economie nello Spazio Mediterraneo | | 2/12/2020



Religious radicalization. Process of a controversial concept

Introduction :

I would like to seize the opportunity of my first participation to the Mediterranean website to raise the issue of radicalisation as a concept, which has permeated the political and media discourse in Europe in general, and particularly in France, since the attacks of 11 September[1]. Today, the notion is widely used to grasp the phenomena of violence, while its relevance and legitimacy as a notion belonging to the security agenda remains rather controversial.

What exactly is radicalisation in the French context?  How has the term become a structuring element of political and media discourse when it comes to violence against civilians in the name of Islam?   Is it legitimate to over-determine the religious and the Islamic categories of a notion that has long belonged to political and social movements?

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Introduction :

Je voudrais saisir l’opportunité de ma première participation au site méditerranéen ( pour soulever la question de la radicalisation en tant que concept, qui imprègne le discours politique et médiatique en Europe en général, et en France en particulier, depuis les attentats du 11 septembre. Aujourd’hui, la notion est largement utilisée pour appréhender les phénomènes de violence, alors que sa pertinence et sa légitimité en tant que notion appartenant à l’agenda sécuritaire reste assez controversée.

Qu’est-ce que la radicalisation dans le contexte français ? Comment le terme est-il devenu un élément structurant du discours politique et médiatique en matière de violence contre les civils au nom de l’islam ? Est-il légitime de surdéterminer les catégories religieuses et islamiques d’une notion qui a longtemps appartenu à des mouvements politiques et sociaux ?

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أودّ أن أغتنم فرصة مشاركتي الأولى في موقع منطقة البحر الأبيض المتوسّط ( لإثارة مسألة التطرّف بصفتها مفهومًا بات يدخل بشكل كبير في الخطابات السياسيّة والإعلاميّة في أوروبا بشكل عام، وفي فرنسا بشكل خاص منذ هجومَي 11 أيلول/ سبتمبر. وأصبح هذا المفهوم يُستخدم اليوم من أجل معالجة ظاهرة العنف، في حين أنّ تبقى أهميّته وشرعيّته بصفته مفهومًا تابعًا إلى جدول الأعمال الأمني مسألة مثيرة للجدل.
ما هو التطرّف في السياق الفرنسي؟ كيف تحوّل هذا المصطلح إلى عنصر مكوّن للخطابات السياسيّة والإعلاميّة في مجال العنف ذد المدنيّين باسم الإسلام؟ أيُعدّ المبالغة في تحديد الفئات الدينيّة والإسلاميّة من خلال مفهوم لطالما كان تابعًا لحركات سياسيّة واجتماعيّة أمرًا شرعيًّا؟

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