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A reading of Ibn Arabi in light of the theology of religions

Abstract“A Reading of Ibn ‘Arabī in the Light of the Theology of Religions”. Ibn ‘Arabī proposes a universal religion which encompasses all religions but which is theophanised synthetically in the revealed Law to Muhammad. As such, it continues to inspire open visions of religion today. This article aims to contribute to attempts to apply the categories of Christian theology of religions that distinguish between exclusivist, inclusivist and pluralist authors regarding Islam. To this end, we will analyse the texts of the Sufi master on the unicity of religion, the universal character of the «Reality of Muhammad» and the inclusion in it of all revelations, particularly the Christian.

Résumé : Ibn ‘Arabī propose une religion universelle qui englobe toutes les religions, mais qui se théophanise de manière synthétique dans la Loi révélée à Muhammad. C’est pourquoi il continue d’inspirer aujourd’hui des visions ouvertes de la religion. Cet article vise à contribuer aux tentatives d’application des catégories de la Théologie des religions chrétienne à l’islam, qui distingue entre les auteurs exclusivistes, inclusivistes et pluralistes. Pour cela, nous analyserons les textes du maître soufi sur l’unicité de la religion, le caractère universel du concept de “Réalité de Muhammad” et son inclusion de toutes les révélations, en particulier la chrétienne.


ابن عربي يقترح دينا عالميا يشمل جميع الأديان ولكنه يتجلي بشكل مركب في الشريعة التي أعلنها محمد. ولهذا السبب لا يزال يلهم رؤى مفتوحة للدين في الوقت الحاضر. يهدف هذا المقال إلى المساهمة في محاولات تطبيق تصنيفات علم اللاهوت المسيحي على الإسلام، التي تميز بين المتحاملين الحصريين والشموليين والمتعددين. ولذلك، سنحلل نصوص الصوفي المعلم حول وحدة الدين، والطابع العالمي لمفهوم “حقيقة محمد” واحتوائها على جميع الوحي، وخاصة المسيحي.

ResumenIbn ‘Arabī propone una religión universal que engloba a todas las religiones pero que se teofaniza de manera sintética en la Ley revelada a Muhammad. Por ello sigue inspirando hoy visiones abiertas de la religión. Este artículo pretende contribuir a los intentos de aplicación al islam de las categorías de la Teología de las religiones cristiana que distingue entre los autores exclusivistas, los inclusivistas y los pluralistas. Para ello, analizaremos los textos del maestro sufí sobre la unicidad de la religión, el carácter universal del concepto de «Realidad de Muhammad» y la inclusión en ella de todas las revelaciones, particularmente la cristiana.

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