University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European

Supported by
the International
of Catholic

Référence :

Islamochristiana 39, 129-142



Muslim morality, Islamic ethics, Šarī’a in situations

Original title : “Morale musulmane, déontologie islamique, Šarī‘a en situations”


Does necessity make legal, in Islam, what is prohibited? It is to this question that this article intends to answer. Dr Kūksāl’s book, whose prefsteel, Shaykh Abū Labāba, supports the study, first explains that “the change of ethical and legal status in Islamic law” is a constant in the history of Muslim law itself. In this regard, the opinions of Dr Tareq Oubrou and Prof Yadh Ben Achour are presented, concerning a “jurisprudence of Muslim minorities” in the West and their possible acceptance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Finally, an innovative fatwā of the European Centre for Fatwa and Research is assessed both positively and critically as regards the means at the disposal of modern fiqh in order to develop its fatwā-s in a context of modernity and globalisation.


La nécessité rend-elle licite, en islam, ce qui est prohibé ? C’est à cette question qu’entend répondre le présent article. Le livre du Dr Kūksāl, dont son préfacier, le Shaykh Abū Labāba, soutient l’étude, explique d’abord que “le changement des statuts éthiques et juridiques dans la Loi islamique” est une constante de l’histoire même du droit musulman. Sont ensuite présentées, à ce propos, les opinions du Dr Tareq Oubrou et du Pr Yadh Ben Achour, s’agissant d’une “jurisprudence des minorités” musulmanes en Occident et de leur accueil possible de la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l’Homme. Enfin une fatwā innovatrice du Centre Européen de la Fatwa et de la Recherche fait l’objet d’une évaluation à la fois positive et critique quant aux moyens dont dispose le fiqh moderne en vue d’élaborer ses fatwā-s dans un contexte de modernité et de mondialisation.

Resources of this researcher

Resources related toLaw


Religions put to the test by freedom of expression

  • Michel Younès
  • Mohamed-Ali Mostfa
  • Malek Chaïeb

“In the republican context, freedom of expression involves all the players in society and mobilises a wide range of intellectual resources. What then are the conditions that foster it while r...


Islam & Otherness. Proceedings of the Pluriel congress in Beirut

  • Mohamed-Ali Mostfa
  • Michel Younès
  • Roula Talhouk

Edited by Michel Younès, Ali Mostfa and Roula Talhouk “In a contemporary context marked by a growing tendency to lock oneself into oppositional logics, reflection on otherness in Islam opens ...


Citizenship in the Arab World: Kin, Religion and Nation-State

  • Gianluca Parolin

The book is the fruit of five years of on-site research on citizenship in the Arab world. It takes a broader legal perspective to the multifaceted reality of nationality and citizenship. The method...


Contemporary Issues in Islamic Law, Economics and Finance

  • Alessandro Ferrari
  • Flavia Cortelezzi

This book explores how Islam can impact the structures and performance of firms, financial institutions and capital markets across a range of countries and industries. The Islamic finance industry ...


Personal Status Laws of Women in Egypt and Palestine

  • Asli Karaca

Title of the lecture : 'Institutionalized Islam in Personal Status Laws and Challenged Position of Women as ‘the Other’' In most of the Muslim-majority countries, personal status laws are the main...


The legal status of non-Muslims in Algeria. The example of evangelicals and Ahmadis.

  • Zohra Aziadé Zemirli

This book, which focuses on the situation before 2019, provides keys to explaining the origins of the popular protest movement, the hirak. It shows how the State controls the society, which is pred...


Thinking Jihadist Radicalisation: Actors, Theories, Transformations

  • Elyamine Settoul

Like many countries, French society is facing the rise of violent radicalisation phenomena with a politico-religious referential. From the factors of jihadist commitment to the processes of disaffi...


Is God a Lawgiver? Christian and Muslim Perspectives on Ius divinum

  • Timo Güzelmansur
  • Tobias Specker

Law that invokes divine appointment or other religious justifications is repeatedly the focus of general attention in Germany. Beyond the concrete religious legal provisions, there is a reflection ...