Original title : “Morale musulmane, déontologie islamique, Šarī‘a en situations”
Does necessity make legal, in Islam, what is prohibited? It is to this question that this article intends to answer. Dr Kūksāl’s book, whose prefsteel, Shaykh Abū Labāba, supports the study, first explains that “the change of ethical and legal status in Islamic law” is a constant in the history of Muslim law itself. In this regard, the opinions of Dr Tareq Oubrou and Prof Yadh Ben Achour are presented, concerning a “jurisprudence of Muslim minorities” in the West and their possible acceptance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Finally, an innovative fatwā of the European Centre for Fatwa and Research is assessed both positively and critically as regards the means at the disposal of modern fiqh in order to develop its fatwā-s in a context of modernity and globalisation.
La nécessité rend-elle licite, en islam, ce qui est prohibé ? C’est à cette question qu’entend répondre le présent article. Le livre du Dr Kūksāl, dont son préfacier, le Shaykh Abū Labāba, soutient l’étude, explique d’abord que “le changement des statuts éthiques et juridiques dans la Loi islamique” est une constante de l’histoire même du droit musulman. Sont ensuite présentées, à ce propos, les opinions du Dr Tareq Oubrou et du Pr Yadh Ben Achour, s’agissant d’une “jurisprudence des minorités” musulmanes en Occident et de leur accueil possible de la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l’Homme. Enfin une fatwā innovatrice du Centre Européen de la Fatwa et de la Recherche fait l’objet d’une évaluation à la fois positive et critique quant aux moyens dont dispose le fiqh moderne en vue d’élaborer ses fatwā-s dans un contexte de modernité et de mondialisation.
PISAI from Tunis to Rome 1964-2014
Lecture given at the Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies (PISAI) in Rome, 22 January 2015.
The emergence of the Nostra Ætate Declaration at Vatican Council II
"The text of the Declaration on the Church’s Relations with Non-Christian Religions (Nostra Aetate) was undoubtedly one of the final surprises of the Second Vatican Council, because no one had thou...
Muslim morality, Islamic ethics, Šarī’a in situations
Original title : "Morale musulmane, déontologie islamique, Šarī‘a en situations" Sumary Does necessity make legal, in Islam, what is prohibited? It is to this question that this article inten...
Massignon, Jesus and Mary, Ḥallāj and Fāṭima
Extract "This admission of the 'Christian re-born' that was then Louis Massignon says quite how decisive were, in his conversion of 1908, the crossed intercessions of Huysmans, Ḥallâj and de Fou...
Louis Massignon, Muhammad Hamidullah and his French translation of the Koran
First lines of the introduction "In 1959, in the luxurious collection of the French Book Club, appeared the first translation of the Koran into French made by a Muslim, Mr. Muhammad Hamidullah, ...
Christians and Muslims: Similarities and Diversity
Publisher Overview Throughout the ages, the Qur’an, the “sacred book”, has often been presented in a polemical form vis-à-vis Jews and Christians, which has given rise to an initi...
Citizenship in the Arab World: Kin, Religion and Nation-State
The book is the fruit of five years of on-site research on citizenship in the Arab world. It takes a broader legal perspective to the multifaceted reality of nationality and citizenship. The method...
Contemporary Issues in Islamic Law, Economics and Finance
This book explores how Islam can impact the structures and performance of firms, financial institutions and capital markets across a range of countries and industries. The Islamic finance industry ...
Personal Status Laws of Women in Egypt and Palestine
Title of the lecture : 'Institutionalized Islam in Personal Status Laws and Challenged Position of Women as ‘the Other’' In most of the Muslim-majority countries, personal status laws are the main...
The legal status of non-Muslims in Algeria. The example of evangelicals and Ahmadis.
This book, which focuses on the situation before 2019, provides keys to explaining the origins of the popular protest movement, the hirak. It shows how the State controls the society, which is pred...
Thinking Jihadist Radicalisation: Actors, Theories, Transformations
Like many countries, French society is facing the rise of violent radicalisation phenomena with a politico-religious referential. From the factors of jihadist commitment to the processes of disaffi...
Is God a Lawgiver? Christian and Muslim Perspectives on Ius divinum
Law that invokes divine appointment or other religious justifications is repeatedly the focus of general attention in Germany. Beyond the concrete religious legal provisions, there is a reflection ...
Environmentalism and sustainability as an expression of Islamic moral orientation
Abstract : The essay emphasizes cultural specificities, starting with the terminology currently used to describe sustainability, and investigates the lack of homogeneity of the semantic fields bel...
Religions and Constitutional Transitions in the Muslim Mediterranean
This book investigates the role of Islam and religious freedom in the constitutional transitions of six North African and Middle Eastern countries, namely Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Turkey, ...