University platform for research on Islam

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Référence :

(Quaderni CIRMiB 3), Milano: Vita e Pensiero, 2020.



Disease, death and cure. Muslims and the health emergency

Original title : Malattia, morte e cura. I musulmani e l’emergenza sanitaria

The health emergency caused by Covid-19 has also had a strong impact on believers and religious communities of all religions. In addition to having distorted religious practices, it has brought to attention the issues of suffering and death, often removed by technical-scientific progress and the privatisation of the common experiences of falling ill and dying. These inescapable stages of existence, the related anthropological, social, juridical factors and the theological-ritual implications, could make us more aware and responsible in the face of the emergences, sharing with colleagues, friends and neighbours, of any belief and religion, the simple but eternal mystery of suffering and dying.

This volume, through a collection of essays and testimonies, aims to present how these experiences are lived in Muslim faith communities. It is intended for social and health care personnel, chaplains, volunteers, but also for political and administrative authorities, for those involved in immigration in general, and in any case, for all those people of ‘good will’ who, being in contact with the care of Muslim believers, can find new opportunities for meeting and dialogue and create networks of solidarity.

Titre original : “Malattia, morte e cura. I musulmani e l’emergenza sanitaria”

L’urgence sanitaire liée au Covid-19 a également eu un fort impact sur les croyants et les communautés religieuses de toutes les religions. En plus d’avoir déformé les pratiques religieuses, elle a attiré l’attention sur les questions de la souffrance et de la mort, souvent écartées par le progrès technique et scientifique et la privatisation des expériences communes de la maladie et de la mort. Ces étapes incontournables de l’existence, les facteurs anthropologiques, sociaux et juridiques qui y sont liés et les implications théologiques et rituelles pourraient nous rendre plus attentifs et responsables face aux nouveaux risques, en échangeant avec nos collègues, amis et voisins de toute croyance et religion, le simple mais éternel mystère de la souffrance et de la mort.

Ce volume, à travers un recueil d’essais et de témoignages, vise à présenter comment de telles expériences sont vécues dans les communautés de foi musulmanes. Il s’adresse au personnel socio-médical, aux aumôniers, aux bénévoles, mais aussi aux autorités politiques et administratives, à ceux qui s’occupent de l’immigration en général, et en tout cas à toutes ces personnes de “bonne volonté” qui, se trouvant en contact avec les soins des croyants musulmans, peuvent trouver de nouvelles possibilités de dialogue et créer des réseaux de solidarité.

إنّ حالة الطوارئ الصحية المرتبطة بوباء الكوفيد 19 تركت تأثيراً قويّاً على المؤمنين والمجتمعات الدينية في الأديان كافة. فبالإضافة إلى تغيير الممارسات الدينية، تراها لفتت الانتباه إلى مسائل المعاناة والموت التي غالبًا ما تمّ استبعادها نتيجة التقدّم التقني والعلمي وخصخصة تجارب المرض والموت المشتركة. والواقعُ أنّ هذه المراحل الأساسيّة في الوجود والعوامل الأنثروبولوجية والاجتماعية والقانونية المرتبطة بها والآثار اللاهوتية والطقسية مجتمعةً قد تجعلنا أكثر تنبّهاً ومسؤولية في مواجهة المخاطر الجديدة، من خلال تبادل الآراء حول سرّ المعاناة والموت البسيط إنّما الأبدي مع زملائنا وأصدقائنا وجيراننا من جميع الأديان والمعتقدات .

يهدف هذا المجلّد، من خلال مجموعة من المقالات والشهادات، إلى عرضِ كيفية عيش المجتمعات الإسلامية تجارب كهذه. ويتوجّهُ إلى الاختصاصيّين الاجتماعيين – الطبيين، والكهنة المُرشدين، والمتطوعين ، بالإضافة إلى السلطات السياسية والإدارية، وأولئك الذين يعالجون مسألة الهجرة بشكل عام، وخصوصاً إلى الأشخاص “ذوي النوايا الحسنة” الملّمين برعاية المؤمنين المسلمين والقادرين على التوصّل إلى إيجاد إمكانيات جديدة للحوار و على إنشاء شبكات تضامن.

L’emergenza sanitaria dovuta al Covid-19ha avuto un forte impatto anche sui credenti e sulle comunità religiose di ogni culto. Oltre ad aver stravolto le pratiche religiose, ha riportato all’attenzione le tematiche della sofferenza e della morte, spesso rimosse dal progresso tecnico-scientifico e dalla privatizzazione delle comuni esperienze dell’ammalarsi e del morire. Queste ineludibili tappe dell’esistenza, i relativi fattori antropologici, sociali, giuridici e le implicazioni teologico-rituali, potrebbero renderci più consapevoli e responsabili di fronte alle emergenze, condividendo con colleghi, amici e vicini di casa, di qualsiasi convinzione e religione, il semplice ma eterno mistero del soffrire e del morire.

Questo volume, attraverso una raccolta di saggi e testimonianze, ha lo scopo di presentare come siano vissute tali esperienze nelle comunità di fede musulmana. È destinato al personale socio-sanitario, ai cappellani, ai volontari, ma anche alle autorità politiche e amministrative, a quanti si occupano in generale di immigrazione, e comunque a tutte quelle persone di ‘buona volontà’ che, trovandosi a contatto con la cura di fedeli musulmani, possono nell’opera di soccorso trovare occasioni inedite di incontro e dialogo e far nascere reti di solidarietà.

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