Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Référence :

Religions 202213, 295. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13040295

English

2022

Islamic Hermeneutics of Nonviolence: Key Concepts and Methodological Steps

The article traces the key concepts and methodological steps that make an Islamic theology of nonviolence plausible. It offers the tools for a critical reading of classical texts, “sacred” history, and globalized modernity. The article deals with the theology of nonviolence as part of modern and contemporary theologies: those of religious pluralism, feminism and liberation, which are interconnected and share the same hermeneutical knots and challenges. Nonviolence theology can be considered the big umbrella that includes all these aspects. It is a postcolonial approach, nurtured by Sufism, that aims to liberate theology from past and present power claims and build the bases for radical reform.

Titre original : “Islamic Hermeneutics of Nonviolence: Key Concepts and Methodological Steps”

Cet article retrace les concepts clés et les étapes méthodologiques qui rendent plausible une théologie islamique de la non-violence. Il offre les outils nécessaires à une lecture critique des textes classiques, de l’histoire « sacrée » et de la modernité mondialisée. L’article traite de la théologie de la non-violence en tant que partie intégrante des théologies modernes et contemporaines : celles du pluralisme religieux, du féminisme et de la libération, qui sont interconnectées et partagent les mêmes nœuds et défis herméneutiques. La théologie de la non-violence peut être considérée comme le grand parapluie qui inclut tous ces aspects. Il s’agit d’une approche postcoloniale, nourrie par le soufisme, qui vise à libérer la théologie des revendications de pouvoir passées et présentes et à jeter les bases d’une réforme radicale.

يضع هذا المقال المفاهيم الرئيسة والخطوات المنهجية التي تجعل الشرعوية الإسلامية اللاعنفية معقولةً. فيقدّمُ أدوات القراءة النقديّة للنصوص الكلاسيكية، والتاريخ “المقدّس” والحداثة المعولمة. يتناول المقال شرعويّة اللاعنف كجزء من الشرعويّات الحديثة والمعاصرة: تلك المتعلّقة بالتعددية الدينية، والنسوية والتحرير التي تترابط فيما بينها وتتشارك العُقد والتحدّيات التأويلية نفسها. يمكنُ اعتبار شرعويّة اللاعنف المظلة الكبيرة التي تنضوي تحتها هذه الجوانب كلّها. وتشكّلُ نهجاً ما بعد استعماري غذّاه التصوّف فتهدفُ إلى تحرير الشرعويّة من المطالبات بالسلطة السابقة والحالية وإلى بناء أسس الإصلاح الجذري.

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