Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

French

2023
362

Authority in Islam. What regulation? Proceedings of the symposium.

“It is often said: “”no clergy in Islam””. In the absence of a hierarchical and universal magisterial authority, what are the instances and figures that serve as regulation?

With the help of specialists, this book seeks to clarify what this notion encompasses in the Muslim tradition, the historical and modern actors, and their impacts on the way the Quranic text and prophetic tradition are invoked. Different approaches are thus solicited to account for the modalities that traverse history and accommodate them. Depending on the eras, the authority of the Quran, caliphal figures, or imams in the Shiite tradition do not play the same role. In the classical age or in the modern era, historical and political turning points give rise to religious interpretations that transform the nature of power exercise. From Morocco to Indonesia, passing through Europe, how do authority figures or counter-authorities emerge in Islam?”

On entend souvent dire : « pas de clergé en islam ». En l’absence d’une autorité magistérielle hiérarchique et universelle, quelles sont les instances et les figures qui font office de régulation ?

À l’aide de spécialistes, ce livre cherche à clarifier ce que recouvre cette notion dans la tradition musulmane, les acteurs historiques et modernes, leurs impacts dans la manière de convoquer le texte coranique et la tradition prophétique. Différents angles d’approche sont ainsi sollicités pour rendre compte des modalités qui traversent l’histoire et s’en accommodent. Selon les époques, l’autorité du Coran, des figures califales ou des imams dans la tradition chiite ne jouent pas le même rôle. À l’âge classique ou à l’époque moderne, les tournants historiques et politiques donnent lieu à des interprétations religieuses transformant la nature de l’exercice du pouvoir. Du Maroc jusqu’en Indonésie, en passant par l’Europe, comment émergent les figures d’autorité ou des contre-autorités en islam ?

“نسمع كثيراً قول “”لا رجال دين في الإسلام””. في غياب سلطة تعليمية تسليمية هرمية وعالمية، ما هي الهيئات والشخصيات التي تعمل كآلية تنظيمية؟

من خلال التعاون مع المتخصصين، يسعى هذا الكتاب إلى توضيح ما يغطيه هذا المفهوم في التقليد الإسلامي، والممثلين التاريخيين والحديثيين، وتأثيرهم في طريقة استدعاء النص القرآني والتقليد النبوي. يتم استدعاء زوايا مختلفة للتقرب من واقع الظروف التي تعبر عنها التاريخ وتتفق معها. يختلف دور سلطة القرآن وشخصيات الخلافة أو الأئمة في التقليد الشيعي حسب العصور. في العصر الكلاسيكي أو الحديث، تؤدي التحولات التاريخية والسياسية إلى تفسيرات دينية تحول طبيعة ممارسة السلطة. من المغرب إلى إندونيسيا، وعبر أوروبا، كيف تظهر شخصيات السلطة أو الضد السلطة في الإسلام؟”

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