Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Publisher : L'Harmattan - France

French

2023
300

Muslim Social Action in Europe: Community Engagement, Charitable Contribution, and Religious Activism in France, Switzerland, and Great Britain.

In France, as in other European countries, Muslim associations offer charitable services including the distribution of food parcels to low-income families, outreach to the homeless, academic support, crime prevention in disadvantaged neighborhoods, family mediation, and the fight against violent extremism. This Muslim social action is increasingly the result of autonomous organizations that are gradually trying to emancipate themselves from the influence of transnational Islamic structures. Still relatively unknown, this social and civic engagement in the name of the Muslim religion arouses passions and questions, sometimes even equating it with a vector of radicalization. In response, the book provides a general overview of Muslim social action in Western Europe by presenting several associations and charitable projects in France, Switzerland, and Great Britain, before offering an analysis of the social, political, and religious challenges of the development of this phenomenon over the past twenty years.

“En France comme dans d’autres pays européens, des associations musulmanes proposent des prestations caritatives incluant la distribution de colis alimentaires aux familles précaires, les maraudes à la rencontre des sans-abris, le soutien scolaire, la prévention de la délinquance dans les quartiers difficiles, la médiation familiale, ou encore la lutte contre l’extrémisme violent. Cette action sociale musulmane est de plus en plus le fruit d’organisations autonomes, qui tentent progressivement de s’émanciper de l’influence des structures islamiques transnationales. Encore méconnu, cet engagement social et citoyen au nom de la religion musulmane suscite des passions et des interrogations, qui vont parfois jusqu’à l’assimiler à un vecteur de radicalisation. En réponse, l’ouvrage dresse un panorama général de l’action sociale musulmane en Europe de l’Ouest en présentant plusieurs associations et projets caritatifs en France, en Suisse et en Grande-Bretagne, avant de proposer une analyse des enjeux sociaux, politiques et religieux du développement de ce phénomène au cours des vingt dernières années.”

في فرنسا وكذلك في بلدان أوروبية أخرى، تقدم الجمعيات الإسلامية خدمات خيرية تشمل توزيع السلال الغذائية للعائلات المعوزة، والتجوال للقاء المشردين، والدعم التعليمي، والوقاية من الجريمة في الأحياء الصعبة، والوساطة العائلية، ومكافحة التطرف العنيف. تعتبر هذه النشاطات الاجتماعية الإسلامية نتاجًا للمزيد من المنظمات المستقلة، التي تحاول تدريجياً تحرير نفسها من تأثير الهياكل الإسلامية العابرة للحدود. وعلى الرغم من أن هذا الالتزام الاجتماعي والمواطن يعرف قليلاً، إلا أنه يثير شغفًا واستفسارات، تصل في بعض الأحيان إلى اعتباره مصدرًا للتطرف. وردًا على ذلك، يقدم الكتاب نظرة عامة على العمل الاجتماعي الإسلامي في غرب أوروبا من خلال تقديم العديد من الجمعيات والمشاريع الخيرية في فرنسا وسويسرا وبريطانيا، قبل أن يقدم تحليلًا للتحديات الاجتماعية والسياسية والدينية لتطور هذه الظاهرة على مدى العشرين سنة الماضية.

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