Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Publisher : Routledge - London, New York

English

2017
200

Religions and Constitutional Transitions in the Muslim Mediterranean

This book investigates the role of Islam and religious freedom in the constitutional transitions of six North African and Middle Eastern countries, namely Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Turkey, and Palestine. In particular, the book, with an interdisciplinary approach, investigates the role of Islam as a political, institutional and societal force. Issues covered include: the role played by Islam as a constitutional reference – a “static force” able to strengthen and legitimize the entire constitutional order; Islam as a political reference used by some political parties in their struggle to acquire political power; and Islam as a specific religion that, like other religions in the area, embodies diverse perspectives on the nature and role of religious freedom in society. The volume provides insight about the political dimension of Islam, as used by political forces, as well as the religious dimension of Islam. This provides a new and wider perspective able to take into account the increasing social pluralism of the South-Mediterranean region. By analyzing three different topics – Islam and constitutionalism, religious political parties, and religious freedom – the book offers a dynamic picture of the role played by Islam and religious freedom in the process of state-building in a globalized age in which human rights and pluralism are crucial dimensions.

Edited by Alessandro Ferrari and James Toronto

Ce livre étudie le rôle de l’islam et de la liberté religieuse dans les transitions constitutionnelles de six pays d’Afrique du Nord et du Moyen-Orient, à savoir le Maroc, l’Algérie, la Tunisie, l’Égypte, la Turquie et la Palestine. En particulier, le livre, avec une approche interdisciplinaire, étudie le rôle de l’Islam en tant que force politique, institutionnelle et sociétale. Les questions abordées comprennent : le rôle joué par l’Islam en tant que référence constitutionnelle – une “force statique” capable de renforcer et de légitimer l’ensemble de l’ordre constitutionnel ; l’Islam en tant que référence politique utilisée par certains partis politiques dans leur lutte pour l’acquisition du pouvoir politique ; et l’Islam en tant que religion spécifique qui, comme d’autres religions de la région, incarne diverses perspectives sur la nature et le rôle de la liberté religieuse dans la société. L’ouvrage donne un aperçu de la dimension politique de l’islam, telle qu’elle est utilisée par les forces politiques, ainsi que de la dimension religieuse de l’islam. Il offre une perspective nouvelle et plus large capable de prendre en compte le pluralisme social croissant de la région sud-méditerranéenne. En analysant trois sujets différents – l’islam et le constitutionnalisme, les partis politiques religieux et la liberté religieuse – l’ouvrage offre une image dynamique du rôle joué par l’islam et la liberté religieuse dans le processus de construction de l’État à une époque de mondialisation où les droits de l’homme et le pluralisme sont des dimensions cruciales.

Sous la direction de Alessandro Ferrari et James Toronto

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