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Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti and the Second Coming of Jesus in Islam

“This article first provides an overall picture of Jesus in the Qur’anic Text, amongst the stories of the other prophets, his prophetic role during the mission God gave him on earth and at the End of Times to kill the one-eyed Antichrist (al-Masīḥ al-Dajjāl). Then, it analyzes a relatively short fatwā on Jesus’ second coming on earth titled Kitāb al-I‘lām bi-ḥukm ‘Īsā ‘alayhi al-salām (The Book of Declaration of Jesus’ Judgment, Peace Be Upon Him). This fatwā is found in the well-known al-Suyūṭī’s fatāwā collection, namely, al-Ḥāwī lil-fatāwī, but was also circulated separately. Among al-Suyūṭī’s numerous contributions to eschatology, this eschatological-legal treaty explores matters in relation to the judgment of Jesus on his return before the Last Day. Specifically, al-Suyūṭī addresses an issue that has occupied the minds of commentators on several aḥādīth concerning the son of Mary, namely, what body of law he will follow.”

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“Cet article présente tout d’abord l’image globale de Jésus dans le texte coranique, parmi les récits des autres prophètes, son rôle prophétique durant la mission que Dieu lui a confiée sur terre et à la Fin des Temps pour tuer l’Antéchrist borgne (al-Masīḥ al-Dajjāl). Puis, il analyse une fatwā relativement courte sur la seconde venue de Jésus sur terre intitulée Kitāb al-I’lām bi-ḥukm ‘Īsā ‘alayhi al-salām (Le livre de déclaration du jugement de Jésus, que la paix soit sur lui). Cette fatwā se trouve dans le célèbre recueil de fatāwā d’al-Suyūṭī, à savoir, al-Ḥāwī lil-fatāwī, mais a également été diffusée séparément. Parmi les nombreuses contributions d’al-Suyūṭī à l’eschatologie, ce traité eschatologico-juridique explore les questions en relation avec le jugement de Jésus à son retour avant le Dernier Jour. Plus précisément, al-Suyūṭī aborde une question qui a occupé l’esprit des commentateurs de plusieurs aḥādīth concernant le fils de Marie, à savoir quel corpus de loi il suivra.”

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