Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Référence :

The Oromo and the historical process of Islamization in Ethiopia: Habashah vs. Argobba on the “Acrocoro, in A.C.S. Peacock Ed. Islamisation: Comparative Perspectives from History, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

2017

The Oromo and the historical process of Islamisation in Ethiopia

Abstract

The historical interaction between Islam and Christianity in the Horn of Africa is profoundly connected with the region’s specifi c historical, linguistic and cultural characteristics. While the western coast of Africa faces the vastness of the Atlantic Ocean, since antiquity the northern part of Africa’s eastern coast as far as the Bab al-Mandab has interacted with the Red Sea and the Arabian Peninsula. The Arab geographers called all the various populations living on the western coast of the Bab al-Mandab ‘Habash’, while Abyssinia is the ancient name of the northern parts of modern Ethiopia, corresponding to modern Tigray and Eritrea. In recent scholarship, the term ‘Greater Ethiopia’ has been used to refer to Ethiopia in its twentieth-century borders before the independence of Eritrea in 1993.

Titre original : “The Oromo and the historical process of Islamisation in Ethiopia”

L’interaction historique entre l’islam et le christianisme dans la Corne de l’Afrique est profondément liée aux caractéristiques historiques, linguistiques et culturelles spécifiques de la région. Alors que la côte occidentale de l’Afrique fait face à l’immensité de l’océan Atlantique, depuis l’antiquité la partie nord de la côte orientale de l’Afrique jusqu’au Bab al-Mandab a interagi avec la mer Rouge et la péninsule arabique. Les géographes arabes appelaient toutes les diverses populations vivant sur la côte occidentale du Bab al-Mandab “Habash”, tandis que l’Abyssinie est l’ancien nom des parties septentrionales de l’Éthiopie moderne, correspondant au Tigré et à l’Érythrée modernes. Dans de récentes études, le terme “Grande Éthiopie” a été utilisé pour désigner l’Éthiopie dans ses frontières du XXe siècle avant l’indépendance de l’Érythrée en 1993.

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