Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Référence :

Demichelis, M. The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue. Religions 202112, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12010004

English

2020

The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue

Abstract

“Muhammad is not the father of any one of your men; he is God’s messenger and the Seal of the Prophets: God knows everything.” (33:40). The deconstruction of the concept of “the Seal of the Prophets” through identifying its different spiritual-historical meanings is particularly important and partially analyzed through an inter-religious methodological approach. If indeed the Prophet Muhammad is undoubtedly the last of the prophets in order of time in the Abrahamic tradition, and thus in a literal sense “the Seal of the Prophets”, the background of the 7th-century pre-urban Hijaz reflects a different cultural-economic and historical development in comparison with the Mediterranean-Mesopotamian basin. This article aims to reflect on the meanings that “the Seal of the Prophets” assumed in the Qur’anic verse 33:40, as the adoption of different narratives to establish an Abrahamic prophetic continuity with a clear emphasis on Islamic–Christian dialogue; the significance of these meanings reflects the opportunity for reciprocal understanding between the two most important global religions and their awareness of prophets and prophecy, i.e., on relations with God, the pact with human beings and eschatological predictions.

Titre original : “The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue”

Résumé

“Muhammad n’est le père d’aucun de vos hommes ; il est le messager de Dieu et le sceau des prophètes : Dieu sait tout.” (33:40). La déconstruction du concept du “Sceau des prophètes” par l’identification de ses différentes significations spirituelles-historiques est particulièrement importante et partiellement analysée par une approche méthodologique interreligieuse. Si le prophète Muhammad est sans aucun doute le dernier des prophètes dans l’ordre chronologique de la tradition abrahamique, et donc au sens littéral “le Sceau des prophètes”, le contexte du Hijaz préurbain du 7e siècle reflète un développement culturel, économique et historique différent par rapport au bassin méditerranéen et mésopotamien. Cet article vise à réfléchir sur les significations que le “Sceau des Prophètes” a prises dans le verset 33:40 du Coran, comme l’adoption de différents récits pour établir une continuité prophétique abrahamique avec un accent clair sur le dialogue islamo-chrétien ; la signification de ces significations reflète l’opportunité d’une compréhension réciproque entre les deux plus importantes religions mondiales et leur connaissance des prophètes et de la prophétie, c’est-à-dire sur les relations avec Dieu, le pacte avec les êtres humains et les prédictions eschatologiques.

 

Original title : “The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue”

Abstract

“Muhammad is not the father of any one of your men; he is God’s messenger and the Seal of the Prophets: God knows everything.” (33:40). The deconstruction of the concept of “the Seal of the Prophets” through identifying its different spiritual-historical meanings is particularly important and partially analyzed through an inter-religious methodological approach. If indeed the Prophet Muhammad is undoubtedly the last of the prophets in order of time in the Abrahamic tradition, and thus in a literal sense “the Seal of the Prophets”, the background of the 7th-century pre-urban Hijaz reflects a different cultural-economic and historical development in comparison with the Mediterranean-Mesopotamian basin. This article aims to reflect on the meanings that “the Seal of the Prophets” assumed in the Qur’anic verse 33:40, as the adoption of different narratives to establish an Abrahamic prophetic continuity with a clear emphasis on Islamic–Christian dialogue; the significance of these meanings reflects the opportunity for reciprocal understanding between the two most important global religions and their awareness of prophets and prophecy, i.e., on relations with God, the pact with human beings and eschatological predictions.

Resources related to keywords

article

Jalāl Al-Dīn Al-Suyūṭī: An Historical Contextualization Between Life and Works

  • Antonio Cuciniello

Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyuṭī, as a religious scholar of the Egyptian Mamluk era, one of the most prominent scholars of the pre-modern Islamic world, is the most prolific author in all of Islamic lite...

videos

The Quran of Historians

  • Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi

How is historical research on the Quran received in the Muslim world? What do we know about the historical figure of Muhammad? Interview with Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi, co-director of the “Coran of ...

videos

Islam and the Salvation of non- Muslims: The Qur’anic Perspective

  • Gabriel Said Reynolds

"At the Pluriel conference on “Islam and Otherness” I will argue the Qur’an’s emphasis on divine freedom provides an opening for inclusivism. The Qur’an emphasizes God’s mercy, using al-Raḥmān as a...

videos

In brief: the PLURIEL congress in Lebanon

  • Michel Younès

3rd international congress of the PLURIEL network, on the theme "Islam and Otherness", from 23 to 27 May 2022 in Beirut. In partnership with Saint Joseph University of Beirut and La Sagesse Univers...

publication

Exploring Islamic Social Work. Between Community and the Common Good

  • Hansjörg Schmid

This open access book addresses, for the first time, Islamic social work as an emerging concept at the interface of Islamic thought and social sciences. Applying a multidisciplinary approach it exp...

publication

The document on human fraternity: an interdisciplinary reflection

  • Diego Sarrió Cucarella
  • Laurent Basanese

The volume, published in the series “Interreligious and Intercultural Investigations” (No. 14), brings together contributions from ten international scholars on the Document on Human Fr...

videos

The other in Islamic civilization: from the immanence of cultures to divine transcendence

  • Raja Sakrani

Lecture given at the 3rd International Congress of Pluriel on the theme "Islam and Otherness", on 24 May 2022, at Saint Joseph University in Beirut. Read abstract on the French tab.

videos

Protestantism and Islam

  • Pierre-Olivier Léchot

How did Martin Luther and John Calvin view Islam? How have Protestant theologians contributed to research on Islam? Pierre-Olivier Léchot, professor of modern history at the Protestant Institute of...