Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Référence :

Demichelis, M. The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue. Religions 202112, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12010004

English

2020

The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue

Abstract

“Muhammad is not the father of any one of your men; he is God’s messenger and the Seal of the Prophets: God knows everything.” (33:40). The deconstruction of the concept of “the Seal of the Prophets” through identifying its different spiritual-historical meanings is particularly important and partially analyzed through an inter-religious methodological approach. If indeed the Prophet Muhammad is undoubtedly the last of the prophets in order of time in the Abrahamic tradition, and thus in a literal sense “the Seal of the Prophets”, the background of the 7th-century pre-urban Hijaz reflects a different cultural-economic and historical development in comparison with the Mediterranean-Mesopotamian basin. This article aims to reflect on the meanings that “the Seal of the Prophets” assumed in the Qur’anic verse 33:40, as the adoption of different narratives to establish an Abrahamic prophetic continuity with a clear emphasis on Islamic–Christian dialogue; the significance of these meanings reflects the opportunity for reciprocal understanding between the two most important global religions and their awareness of prophets and prophecy, i.e., on relations with God, the pact with human beings and eschatological predictions.

Titre original : “The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue”

Résumé

“Muhammad n’est le père d’aucun de vos hommes ; il est le messager de Dieu et le sceau des prophètes : Dieu sait tout.” (33:40). La déconstruction du concept du “Sceau des prophètes” par l’identification de ses différentes significations spirituelles-historiques est particulièrement importante et partiellement analysée par une approche méthodologique interreligieuse. Si le prophète Muhammad est sans aucun doute le dernier des prophètes dans l’ordre chronologique de la tradition abrahamique, et donc au sens littéral “le Sceau des prophètes”, le contexte du Hijaz préurbain du 7e siècle reflète un développement culturel, économique et historique différent par rapport au bassin méditerranéen et mésopotamien. Cet article vise à réfléchir sur les significations que le “Sceau des Prophètes” a prises dans le verset 33:40 du Coran, comme l’adoption de différents récits pour établir une continuité prophétique abrahamique avec un accent clair sur le dialogue islamo-chrétien ; la signification de ces significations reflète l’opportunité d’une compréhension réciproque entre les deux plus importantes religions mondiales et leur connaissance des prophètes et de la prophétie, c’est-à-dire sur les relations avec Dieu, le pacte avec les êtres humains et les prédictions eschatologiques.

 

Original title : “The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue”

Abstract

“Muhammad is not the father of any one of your men; he is God’s messenger and the Seal of the Prophets: God knows everything.” (33:40). The deconstruction of the concept of “the Seal of the Prophets” through identifying its different spiritual-historical meanings is particularly important and partially analyzed through an inter-religious methodological approach. If indeed the Prophet Muhammad is undoubtedly the last of the prophets in order of time in the Abrahamic tradition, and thus in a literal sense “the Seal of the Prophets”, the background of the 7th-century pre-urban Hijaz reflects a different cultural-economic and historical development in comparison with the Mediterranean-Mesopotamian basin. This article aims to reflect on the meanings that “the Seal of the Prophets” assumed in the Qur’anic verse 33:40, as the adoption of different narratives to establish an Abrahamic prophetic continuity with a clear emphasis on Islamic–Christian dialogue; the significance of these meanings reflects the opportunity for reciprocal understanding between the two most important global religions and their awareness of prophets and prophecy, i.e., on relations with God, the pact with human beings and eschatological predictions.

Resources of this researcher

article

The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue

Abstract “Muhammad is not the father of any one of your men; he is God’s messenger and the Seal of the Prophets: God knows everything.” (33:40). The deconstruction of the concept of “the Seal of...

article

The Oromo and the historical process of Islamisation in Ethiopia

Abstract The historical interaction between Islam and Christianity in the Horn of Africa is profoundly connected with the region’s specifi c historical, linguistic and cultural characteristics. ...

article

The Fate of Others in 14th century Hanbalism

Abstract In a recent publication entitled Ibn Taymiyya’s Theological Ethics, Sophia Vasalou tackles the moral objectivism that Ibn Taymiyya would reworked inspired to the unorthodox thought of M...

article

The Mihna. Deconstruction and reconsideration of the Mu’tazilite role in the “Inquisition

Abstract The Miḥna has usually been attributed to the Mu‘tazilite theological school as expression of something unusual, a bid‘ah (Islamic innovation) related to a rationalist group of theologia...

publication

Salvation and Hell in Classical Islamic Thought.

Presentation : Salvation and Hell in Classical Islamic Thought uses classical Islamic sources to trace the development of Islamic eschatology during the formative centuries of Islamic intellectu...

publication

Religious Violence, Political Ends, Nationalism, Citizenship and Radicalizations in the Middle East and Europe

Since antiquity, religious violence based on political motives has been and remains a common practice: the atrocities committed by the Roman Empire against the first Christian communities were quic...

videos

When religion divides the “community”. Dynamics of violence and pacification within Arab Levant

Conference of Marco DEMICHELIS, at the second international Congress of PLURIEL Abstract Since the nineteenth century, the dynamics of inter-religious conflict within the Arab world accentuated...

videos

Presentation of the congress “Islam and Belonging” of PLURIEL

With the voices of members of the Scientific Comittee  

article

The historical debate on secularisation between F. Antun and M. Abduh.

Full title : 'The historical debate on secularisation between F. Antun and M. Abduh. God's absolutism and Islam's irrationality as cornerstones of orientalist islamic-christian dispute during the N...

Resources related to keywords

publication

The authoritarian republic. Islam in France and the Republican illusion

  • Haoues Seniguer

Publisher’s presentation The logic of suspicion has become the compass of the French state. Since 2015 and the attacks of January and November, the preventive and repressive policy of the Sta...

publication

MIDÉO No. 37: Recitation in the early centuries of Islam

  • Emmanuel Pisani

The history of reciting the Quran has been rarely studied. This volume comprises most of the papers presented at the Third IDEO Conference held in Cairo in October 2020 on reciting in the early Isl...

publication

Not without others: recognition of others and unity in Christ – on the relationship between mission and dialogue

  • Tobias Specker

Article published in the missiology journal ZMR 106 (2022/1-4), double issue: “Evangelisation and Fraternity in the Plural World

article

Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti and the Second Coming of Jesus in Islam

  • Antonio Cuciniello

"This article first provides an overall picture of Jesus in the Qur’anic Text, amongst the stories of the other prophets, his prophetic role during the mission God gave him on earth and at the End ...

article

Religion and Democracy

  • Wolfgang Palaver

"This article addresses mainly two widespread prejudices. The first claims that democracy flourishes only in a Christian culture, the second wants to keep religion out of politics to protect democr...

publication

Islam in Prison: Finding Faith, Freedom and Fraternity

  • Mallory Schneuwly Purdie

“Based on original evidence from 279 Muslim prisoners and 79 prison officers, we explore how Muslims come to be incarcerated, how the practice of Islam affects prison life and rehabilitation,...

article

Religious Radicalism. The Challenges of an Ill-Defined Concept in Europe

  • Mohamed-Ali Mostfa

Ali Mostfa, professor of linguistics and discourse analysis at the Catholic University of Lyon, analyses the semantic shifts about the notion of religious radicalism, particularly since the Septemb...

publication

Normativity of Holy Scriptures in Judaism, Christianity and Islam

  • Klaus von Stosch
  • Zishan Ahmad Ghaffar

In Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the orientation towards “holy texts” is central. While in the past it was undisputed that these texts could be understood as directly given by God an...