Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Publisher : Olms-Weidmann -

English

2018
196

Religious Violence, Political Ends

Since antiquity, religious violence based on political motives has been and remains a common practice: the atrocities committed by the Roman Empire against the first Christian communities were quickly replaced by acts no less aggressive against non-Christian believers, accused of polytheistic and unacceptable practices.

With the advent of modernity, the homogenization of the religious sphere for political and economic purposes, the annihilation of all forms of heresy and the spread of Protestantism, Calvinism and Anglicanism have led to a restructuring of the states of Western Europe under the motto “A kingdom, a religion, a nation”.

The end of the wars of religion (1648), the sovereignty of Westphalia and the principle cuius regio, eius religio influenced the formation of modern Europe and other regions, while Franco-British colonialism imposed the same system on the whole of the Middle-East and the Islamic world.

This volume is devoted to the study of interreligious violence, religious sectarianism and Islamophobia on a theoretical basis, combined with the “clash of civilizations” and “religious nationalism”, expressing specific policy objectives aimed at maintaining fragmentation and conflict in the East and fuelling fears and prejudices in the West.

Depuis l’Antiquité, la violence religieuse fondée sur des motifs politiques a été et reste une pratique courante : les atrocités commises par l’Empire romain à l’encontre des premières communautés chrétiennes ont rapidement été remplacées par des actes non moins agressifs à l’encontre de croyants non chrétiens, accusés de pratiques polythéistes et inacceptables.

Avec l’avènement de la modernité, l’homogénéisation de la sphère religieuse à des fins politiques et économiques, l’anéantissement de toutes les formes d’hérésie et la propagation du protestantisme, du calvinisme et de l’anglicanisme ont entraîné une restructuration des États d’Europe occidentale selon la devise “Un royaume, une religion, une nation”.

La fin des guerres de religion (1648), la souveraineté de Westphalie et le principe cuius regio, eius religio ont influencé la formation de l’Europe moderne et d’autres régions, tandis que le colonialisme franco-britannique a imposé le même système à l’ensemble du Moyen-Orient et du monde islamique.

Le présent volume est consacré à l’étude de la violence interreligieuse, du sectarisme religieux et de l’islamophobie sur une base théorique, combinés au “choc des civilisations” et au “nationalisme religieux”, exprimant des objectifs politiques précis visant à maintenir la fragmentation et les conflits belliqueux à l’Est et à attiser les craintes et les préjugés à l’Ouest.

Titre original : “Religious Violence, Political Ends”

Resource of the author(s) on PLURIEL Website

publication

Violence in Early Islam. Religious Narratives, the Arab Conquests and the Canonization of Jihad

Presentation: The concept of jihad holds a prominent place in Islamic thought and history. Beyond its spiritual meanings, the term has historically been associated with the sweeping Arab-Believers ...

article

The Khatim an-Nabiyyin (The Seal of the Prophets) and Its Inclusive Abrahamic Perspective: Muhammad and ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Dialogue

Abstract “Muhammad is not the father of any one of your men; he is God’s messenger and the Seal of the Prophets: God knows everything.” (33:40). The deconstruction of the concept of “the Seal of...

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Salvation and Hell in Classical Islamic Thought.

Presentation : Salvation and Hell in Classical Islamic Thought uses classical Islamic sources to trace the development of Islamic eschatology during the formative centuries of Islamic intellectu...

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Religious Violence, Political Ends

Since antiquity, religious violence based on political motives has been and remains a common practice: the atrocities committed by the Roman Empire against the first Christian communities were quic...

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When religion divides the “community”. Dynamics of violence and pacification within Arab Levant

Conference of Marco DEMICHELIS, at the second international Congress of PLURIEL Abstract Since the nineteenth century, the dynamics of inter-religious conflict within the Arab world accentuated...

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Presentation of the congress “Islam and Belonging” of PLURIEL

With the voices of members of the Scientific Comittee  

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