Colloque international interdisciplinaire à l’Université de Montréal, parrainé par :
- Groupe de recherche sur les enjeux épistémologiques et méthodologiques des études sur la violence au nom de l’islam (PLURIEL)
- Institut d’études post-printemps arabe (IEPPA).
- En collaboration avec le Centre d`études et de recherches internationales de l’Université de Montréal (CÉRIUM).
- Patrice Brodeur, PhD. (Sciences des religions), Professeur agrégé, Université de Montréal
- Wael Saleh, PhD. (Sciences humaines appliquées) Chercheur postdoctoral, CÉRIUM, Université de Montréal
- Amany Fouad Salib, PhD. (Linguistiques), Doctorante (Sciences des religions), Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM).
Since the end of the 1970s and the Islamic revolution in Iran, academic studies related to violence in the name of Islam and its connections to Islamism have increased substantially (Silke, 2004; Ranstorp, 2006; Jackson, 2009; Schmid, 2011; Bibeau 2015, Dakhli, 2016). From a critical interdisciplinary perspective, the symposium aims to explore textually and contextually, the following question: does a direct link exist between the founding texts of Islamism (from al-Afghani, through the writings of Hassan al -Banna, and up to Al-Qaradawi, etc.) and the justification of the violence committed in the name of Islam? A variety of questions occur in this respect: what are the textual underpinnings at stake? Who are the producers/supporters of such Islamist discourses? What are the subsequent intellectual and organizational links of affiliation with these texts that have arisen more recently? Finally, over the last several decades, what contexts witnessed this discourse of violence becoming so deep-rooted as to be put in action?
On an epistemological level, the symposium also aims to analyze the theoretical literature that has developed to explain these Islamist ideologies, for half a century, in both Muslim and non-Muslim environments. In this academic literature, two main approaches have emerged. Structuralist approaches identify the structural roots of the violence committed in the name of Islam (Campana & Lapointe, 2012). These approaches focus on the questions of “why” and the “roots-reasons” for such violence, often to the detriment of a circumstantial micro-sociological comprehension that is more focused on individuals and their processes of engagement that highlight the “how” (Sedgwick, 2010 ; Sommier, 2012). To overcome such structuralist approaches (Crenshaw, 1998; Lake, 2002; Kydd & Walter, 2006; Abrahams, 2008), the processual approaches see engagement with violence as a result of a gradual process of socialization, which is multidimensional, non-teleological (Silke, 2003; Horgan, 2005; Pisoiu, 2011).