Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Publisher : Cerf - Paris

French

2020
364

Christian approaches to Islam: tensions, displacement, issues

More and more Christians are questioning the reality of Islam and the place of a religion that appeared after the advent of Christ, confessed as the ultimate manifestation of God to the world. But unlike the Muslim tradition which, in its reference texts, the Qur’an and the Sunna, has developed positions relating to Christians and their faith, the tradition of the Church has variously adressed the question of Islam.

With the help of eight specific entries: Islam as a whole; the Koran; the prophet of Islam; the Muslim faith; the rituals and practices prescribed and lived; anthropology associated with the Muslim tradition; the Muslim community; Islamochristian dialogue, Michel Younès’ book aims at a double operation.

The first presents a wide variety of harmonics of speech spoken in the name of the Christian faith: from John Damascene (c. 676-749) to Mushir Basil Aoun (n. 1966). The second envisions a Muslim expression just as complex and rich in time and space. Based on the most recent studies, the book reveals the variety of contemporary discourses, from an integral position illustrated by Mortada Mohahhari (1920-1979), until the liberated approach of traditional readings of the Qur’anic text by Muhammad Šahrur (1938-2019).

De plus en plus de chrétiens s’interrogent sur la réalité de l’islam et sur la place d’une religion apparue après l’avènement du Christ, confessé comme l’ultime manifestation de Dieu au monde. Mais à la différence de la tradition musulmane qui, dans ses textes de référence, le Coran et la sunna, a développé des positions relatives aux chrétiens et à leur foi, la tradition de l’Église a diversement intégré la question de l’islam. À l’aide de huit entrées spécifiques : l’islam pris dans sa globalité ; le Coran ; le prophète de l’islam ; la foi musulmane ; les rites et les pratiques prescrits et vécus ; l’anthropologie associée à la tradition musulmane ; la communauté des musulmans ; le dialogue islamochrétien, l’ouvrage de Michel Younès vise une double opération. La première présente une grande variété d’harmoniques de la parole prononcée au nom de la foi chrétienne : depuis Jean Damascène (v. 676-749) jusqu’à Mouchir Basile Aoun (n. 1966). La seconde envisage une expression musulmane tout aussi complexe et riche dans le temps et dans l’espace. En s’appuyant sur les études les plus récentes, l’ouvrage fait apparaître la variété des discours contemporains, depuis une position intégrale illustrée par Mortada Mohahhari (1920-1979), jusqu’à l’approche libérée des lectures traditionnelles du texte coranique portée par Muhammad Šahrur (1938-2019).

Lire le compte rendu d’Olivier Pigeaud

يتزايد تساؤل المسيحيّين حول حقيقة الإسلام ومكانة هذه الديانة التي ظهرت بعد المسيح، والتي تُعدّ آخر تجلٍّ للّه في العالم. وعلى عكس التراث الإسلامي، الذي وردت في نصوصه المرجعيّة، أي القرآن والسنّة، مواقف تتعلّق بالمسيحيّين وعقيدتهم، يدرج التراث المسيحي مسألة الإسلام في نصوصه بطرق مختلفة. ويعالج كتاب ميشال يونس هذه العملية المزدوجة في أبواب ثمانية هي: الإسلام بجوانبه كلّها؛ والقرآن؛ ونبي الإسلام؛ والعقيدة الإسلاميّة؛ والشعائر والممارسات المنصوص عليها والمُمارسة؛ والحوار الإسلامي المسيحي. ويعرض الباب الأوّل مجموعة واسعة النطاق من أوجه التوافق في الخطاب الصادر باسم العقيدة المسيحيّة: منذ جان داماسين (676-749) حتى مشير باسيل عون (1996). في حين أنّ الباب الثاني ينظر في تعبير الإسلام الذي لا يقل تعقيدًا وغنى على مر الزمن وفي المجال الديني. واستنادًا على الدراسات الحديثة، يظهر الكتاب مختلف الخطابات الحديثة، منذ الموقف الأساسي الذي يوضحه مرتضى مطهري (1920-1979)، حتى المنهج المتحرّر المتّبع في القراءات التقليدية للنص القرآني الذي يقوده محمد شَرور (1938-2019).

Resources of this researcher

videos

Islam and Christianity: mutual views and challenges of otherness

In his book Soi-même comme un autre (Seuil 1990), the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur (1913-2005) builds his reflection on this 'as' which, according to him, allows us to escape from two harmful te...

videos

In brief: the PLURIEL congress in Lebanon

3rd international congress of the PLURIEL network, on the theme "Islam and Otherness", from 23 to 27 May 2022 in Beirut. In partnership with Saint Joseph University of Beirut and La Sagesse Univers...

publication

Christian approaches to Islam: tensions, displacement, issues

More and more Christians are questioning the reality of Islam and the place of a religion that appeared after the advent of Christ, confessed as the ultimate manifestation of God to the world. But ...

videos

Who is an authority in Islam in Switzerland and France?

Elements of answers to a question studied by the research group on the theme "Authority and regulation in Islam" of the Centre for the Study of Cultures and Religions (CECR, UCLy) The question i...

publication

Christianity and Islam: theologians in dialogue

Cahiers de la Revue théologique de Louvain N°45 co-edited by Michel Younès and André Wénin. This book initiates a dialogue between Christian and Muslim theologians on how the former view Islam and ...

videos

Authority and Regulation in Islam – Research group in Lyon

Presentation of the research group on "Authority and Regulation in Islam" of the Centre for Cultural and Religious Studies (CECR, UCLy) with Michel Younès, Erwin Tanner and Haoues Seniguer. The gr...

videos

“Abu Dhabi Declaration”, Theological UFO

In February 2019, Pope Francis visited Abu Dhabi, in the Arabian Peninsula. On this occasion, he signed a "Joint Declaration on Human Fraternity" with one of the highest Muslim dignitaries, Sheikh ...

publication

When Religion Invites Itself into Business: Tools for Management

How to approach the different facets of the religious when it arises in the field of the enterprise? What role can the common law or rule have? What help can good practices in this area bring, with...

publication

Proceedings of the Congress : Islam at plural, thought, faith, society

Publication of the proceedings of the first congress of PLURIEL held from 6 to 9 September 2016 at the Catholic University of Lyon. Edited by Ali Mostfa and Michel Younès. The theme of the co...

videos

First International Congress of PLURIEL “Islam: Thought, Faith, Society”

Michel Younès, coordinator of PLURIEL presents the first international congress of PLURIEL which was held at the Catholic University of Lyon from 6 to 9 September 2016.

Resources related to Theology of Religions

videos

Islam and the Salvation of non- Muslims: The Qur’anic Perspective

  • Gabriel Said Reynolds

"At the Pluriel conference on “Islam and Otherness” I will argue the Qur’an’s emphasis on divine freedom provides an opening for inclusivism. The Qur’an emphasizes God’s mercy, using al-Raḥmān as a...

videos

‘Inimitable’ Koran ?

  • Tobias Specker

Interview with Pr. Tobias Specker, professor of Catholic Theology in the light of Islam at Sankt Georgen Graduate school of Philosophy and Theology, Frankfurt, Germany, about his book : Gottes Wort...

publication

Christian approaches to Islam: tensions, displacement, issues

  • Michel Younès

More and more Christians are questioning the reality of Islam and the place of a religion that appeared after the advent of Christ, confessed as the ultimate manifestation of God to the world. But ...

article

‘On how to discern the truth of religion’, by Hunayn b. Isḥāq. The impersonal recension

  • Diego Sarrió Cucarella

Abstract This article contributes to the study of Christian Arabic literature by providing an introduction and English translation of the treatise entitled Kayfiyyat idrāk ḥaqīqat al-diyāna, ‘On...

publication

Christianity and Islam: theologians in dialogue

  • Michel Younès
  • Adnane Mokrani
  • Maurice Borrmans
  • Klaus von Stosch

Cahiers de la Revue théologique de Louvain N°45 co-edited by Michel Younès and André Wénin. This book initiates a dialogue between Christian and Muslim theologians on how the former view Islam and ...

publication

Islamochristiana 44 – In memory of Maurice Borrmans

  • Valentino Cottini

Issue number 44 of Islamochristiana is entirely dedicated to Maurice Borrmans, MAfr, who, together with the PISAI staff, founded the journal in 1975 and remained its editor almost interruptedly unt...

videos

The document on human fraternity: a new horizon for Islamic-Christian dialogue? (Italian)

  • Adnane Mokrani
  • Laurent Basanese
  • Valentino Cottini

Lecturers : Adnane Mokrani, P. Laurent Basanese S.J. Moderator: Valentino Cottini   Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, April 8th, 2019 This conference marks the launch of the r...

publication

“Cum aestimatione” : contours of a Christian theology of Islam

  • Anja Middelbeck-Varwick

Great appreciation (Cum aestimatione) has been characteristic of the dialogue of the Catholic Chruch with Islam since the Second Vatican Council (1962-65). Nevertheless, essentials remain theologic...