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2020
364

Christian approaches to Islam: tensions, displacement, issues

More and more Christians are questioning the reality of Islam and the place of a religion that appeared after the advent of Christ, confessed as the ultimate manifestation of God to the world. But unlike the Muslim tradition which, in its reference texts, the Qur’an and the Sunna, has developed positions relating to Christians and their faith, the tradition of the Church has variously adressed the question of Islam.

With the help of eight specific entries: Islam as a whole; the Koran; the prophet of Islam; the Muslim faith; the rituals and practices prescribed and lived; anthropology associated with the Muslim tradition; the Muslim community; Islamochristian dialogue, Michel Younès’ book aims at a double operation.

The first presents a wide variety of harmonics of speech spoken in the name of the Christian faith: from John Damascene (c. 676-749) to Mushir Basil Aoun (n. 1966). The second envisions a Muslim expression just as complex and rich in time and space. Based on the most recent studies, the book reveals the variety of contemporary discourses, from an integral position illustrated by Mortada Mohahhari (1920-1979), until the liberated approach of traditional readings of the Qur’anic text by Muhammad Šahrur (1938-2019).

De plus en plus de chrétiens s’interrogent sur la réalité de l’islam et sur la place d’une religion apparue après l’avènement du Christ, confessé comme l’ultime manifestation de Dieu au monde. Mais à la différence de la tradition musulmane qui, dans ses textes de référence, le Coran et la sunna, a développé des positions relatives aux chrétiens et à leur foi, la tradition de l’Église a diversement intégré la question de l’islam. À l’aide de huit entrées spécifiques : l’islam pris dans sa globalité ; le Coran ; le prophète de l’islam ; la foi musulmane ; les rites et les pratiques prescrits et vécus ; l’anthropologie associée à la tradition musulmane ; la communauté des musulmans ; le dialogue islamochrétien, l’ouvrage de Michel Younès vise une double opération. La première présente une grande variété d’harmoniques de la parole prononcée au nom de la foi chrétienne : depuis Jean Damascène (v. 676-749) jusqu’à Mouchir Basile Aoun (n. 1966). La seconde envisage une expression musulmane tout aussi complexe et riche dans le temps et dans l’espace. En s’appuyant sur les études les plus récentes, l’ouvrage fait apparaître la variété des discours contemporains, depuis une position intégrale illustrée par Mortada Mohahhari (1920-1979), jusqu’à l’approche libérée des lectures traditionnelles du texte coranique portée par Muhammad Šahrur (1938-2019).

Lire le compte rendu d’Olivier Pigeaud

Resource of the author(s) on PLURIEL Website

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Christian approaches to Islam: tensions, displacement, issues

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