University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European

Supported by
the International
of Catholic

Publisher : Profac-CECR 105 - Lyon



The fatwa in Europe. Minority rights and integration issues

The growing interest in fatwâs and the different ways of regulating the overabundance of muftîs in Europe and in the world, in particular in the Arab world, has encouraged Islamologists to work on the internal evolution of Islam in the new context offered by Europe, based on the documents issued by the European Council for Fatwâ and Research. What kind of Islam emerges from these legal opinions, which are intended to guide Muslims in Europe?

Religious practice, questions about the family, the status of women, involvement in the political process, issues relating to the economy, finance or bioethics, or the way in which non-Muslims, particularly Christians, are viewed, are all aspects of burning relevance to the integration of Muslims in European societies.
But also, the presence of Muslims in Europe could have consequences on the reality of Islam as a whole, thanks to the ability to adapt from the foundations and purposes of the Law. If minority fiqh and/or minority Sharîa are not demographic but canonical concepts, will they be able to pave the way for a new approach to Law and Law, whatever the numerical situation in Europe or elsewhere?

L’effervescence autour des fatwâs et des différentes manières de réguler la surabondance des muftîs, en Europe et dans le monde, en particulier dans le monde arabe, a incité des islamologues à travailler sur les évolutions internes à l’islam dans le contexte nouveau que lui offre l’Europe, à partir des documents émis par le Conseil Européen de la Fatwâ et des Recherches. Quel islam émerge à partir de ces avis juridiques qui ont comme vocation d’orienter les musulmans en Europe ?

La pratique cultuelle, les interrogations sur la famille, la condition féminine, l’implication dans le processus politique, les problématiques relatives à l’économie, à la finance ou à la bioéthique, ou encore le regard porté sur les non-musulmans, notamment les chrétiens, autant d’aspects d’une brûlante actualité pour l’intégration des musulmans dans les sociétés européennes.
Mais aussi, la présence des musulmans en Europe pourrait avoir des conséquences sur la réalité de l’islam dans son ensemble, grâce à la capacité de s’adapter à partir des fondements et des finalités de la Loi. Si le fiqh des minorités et/ou la Sharîa de minorité ne sont pas des concepts démographiques, mais canoniques, seront-ils en mesure d’ouvrir la voie à une nouvelle approche de la Loi et du droit, quelle que soit la situation numérique en Europe ou ailleurs ?

Resources of this researcher


Being yourself through the other. How I grew up in a context of diversity

“This book retraces the itinerary of Michel Younès in which he shows that otherness is part of identity. In a context where cultural and religious diversity is no longer an option, he seeks t...


Islam and Christianity: mutual views and challenges of otherness

In his book Soi-même comme un autre (Seuil 1990), the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur (1913-2005) builds his reflection on this 'as' which, according to him, allows us to escape from two harmful te...


In brief: the PLURIEL congress in Lebanon

3rd international congress of the PLURIEL network, on the theme "Islam and Otherness", from 23 to 27 May 2022 in Beirut. In partnership with Saint Joseph University of Beirut and La Sagesse Univers...


Al-Ash’arî, what place does still hold the authority of the theologians?

Conference « Religious Authority in Islam », organised by the Centre for the Study of Cultures and Religions and the Research Unit of the Catholic University of Lyon (UCLy), on 18 and 19 November 2...


Fundamental and applied Islamology

Lecture given on 14 October 2021 at the Catholic University of Lyon during the conference « Radicalisation leading to violence in the name of Islam, Epistemological, methodological and ethical appr...


Christian approaches to Islam: tensions, displacement, issues

More and more Christians are questioning the reality of Islam and the place of a religion that appeared after the advent of Christ, confessed as the ultimate manifestation of God to the world. But ...


Who is an authority in Islam in Switzerland and France?

Elements of answers to a question studied by the research group on the theme "Authority and regulation in Islam" of the Centre for the Study of Cultures and Religions (CECR, UCLy) The question i...


Christianity and Islam: theologians in dialogue

Cahiers de la Revue théologique de Louvain N°45 co-edited by Michel Younès and André Wénin. This book initiates a dialogue between Christian and Muslim theologians on how the former view Islam and ...


Authority and Regulation in Islam – Research group in Lyon

Presentation of the research group on "Authority and Regulation in Islam" of the Centre for Cultural and Religious Studies (CECR, UCLy) with Michel Younès, Erwin Tanner and Haoues Seniguer. The gr...


Islam and Belonging. Proceedings of the PLURIEL 2nd International Congress

After its first international congress in Lyon from 6 to 9 September 2016 on the theme “Islam in the Plural: Faith, Thought, Society”[1], the current study brings together the proceedin...

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