Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Référence :

in Christian Cannuyer et Catherine Vialle, (éd.), dans Acta Orientalia belgica XXVIII – Les naissances merveilleuses en Orient, Bruxelles, 2015, p. 307-321.

2015

The birth of the prophet Muhammad : thematic and literary approach to traditional texts

Original title : “La naissance du prophète Muhammad – Approche thématique et littéraire des textes traditionnels”

Abstract

Our approach of the texts surrounding the birth and childhood of the Prophet MuÌammad in the Sîra, is more literary than historical. It seemed appropriate to revisit these texts, well known to scholars, in an intertextual perspective that tends to establish any formal or substantial link with the biblical literature. After the genealogies, we present successively the announcements and the warning signs of the Prophet’s birth, the stories of the events with their cosmic and wonderful character, and finally the episode of the monk Bahira. Our investigation has brought new elements, especially the clear link between the episode of the dream of King Rabi’a and the text of Daniel. This is the first time, it seems, that this is highlighted. In addition, we found a few direct or allusive references to the books of Genesis, Jonah, Daniel and the Psalms, and the Gospels of Matthew, Luke and John.

Notre approche des textes entourant la naissance et l’enfance du Prophète MuÌammad dans la Sîra est plus littéraire qu’historique. Il a semblé opportun de revisiter ces textes, bien connus des savants, dans une perspective intertextuelle qui vise à établir un lien formel ou substantiel avec la littérature biblique. Après les généalogies, nous présentons successivement les annonces et les signes avant-coureurs de la naissance du Prophète, les récits des événements avec leur caractère cosmique et merveilleux, et enfin l’épisode du moine Bahira. Notre enquête a apporté de nouveaux éléments, notamment le lien clair entre l’épisode du rêve du roi Rabi’a et le livre de Daniel. C’est la première fois, semble-t-il, que cela est mis en évidence. De plus, nous avons trouvé quelques références directes ou allusives aux livres de la Genèse, Jonas, Daniel, les Psaumes, et aux Évangiles de Matthieu, Luc et Jean.

Resources related to keywords

videos

Protestantism and Islam

  • Pierre-Olivier Léchot

How did Martin Luther and John Calvin view Islam? How have Protestant theologians contributed to research on Islam? Pierre-Olivier Léchot, professor of modern history at the Protestant Institute of...

article

Islamic Hermeneutics of Nonviolence: Key Concepts and Methodological Steps

  • Adnane Mokrani

The article traces the key concepts and methodological steps that make an Islamic theology of nonviolence plausible. It offers the tools for a critical reading of classical texts, “sacred” history,...

videos

Understanding freedom of religion around the Mediterranean

  • Alessandro Ferrari
  • Amin Elias

How to manage religious plurality? Three researchers from our network look back at the history of the northern, eastern and southern shores of the Mediterranean to understand the diversity of legal...

videos

Does the pandemic affect radicalisation?

  • Patrice Brodeur

Collaboration between Canadian and French researchers in the framework of the Centre Jacques Cartier talks, promoting partnerships between the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and Quebec.

article

Environmentalism and sustainability as an expression of Islamic moral orientation

  • Ida Zilio-Grandi

Abstract : The essay emphasizes cultural specificities, starting with the terminology currently used to describe sustainability, and investigates the lack of homogeneity of the semantic fields bel...

article

Corresponding across Religious Borders: The Letter of al-Qūṭī

  • Diego Sarrió Cucarella

Summary : This article provides an introduction to the Letter of al-Qūṭī, a short anti-Islamic polemic in Arabic purportedly written by an unknown priest active in Toledo in the mid-1...

article

Lavigerie and Islam, an ambiguous legacy

  • Diego Sarrió Cucarella

In a recent article on the contribution of the White Fathers to the renewal of Catholic attitudes towards Islam, Rémi Caucanas rightly notes that their founder’s legacy “was not without ambiguity”...

publication

Discourses and strategies of otherness: Crossed perspectives and analyses

  • Mohamed-Ali Mostfa

Summary: The interest of discourse analysis is to highlight the articulations of texts and social locations (Maingueneau, 2012). Questioning the functioning of these formations and the conditions o...