Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

French

2023

Making religion online: the case of Islam

Islam in the digital age is becoming an inescapable reality in the lives of believers, thus introducing a new modality in the understanding of Islamic faith. From now on, the sacred text, rituals, traditions, and fatwas (religious opinions) are accessible and interpreted through the technological prism. This digital approach allows beliefs to be contextualized in the here and now, offering an almost immediate presence and a contemporaneity that redefines the bonds within the Islamic Ummah and shapes an ever-evolving Islamic visibility.

This article by Ali Mostfa highlights the transformation of Islamic religious discourse in the digital age. Digital Islam creates a space where traditional discourse is reinterpreted, allowing for the emergence of new forms of religious expression. The interactive and immediate nature of online discourse fosters dynamic exchange among believers, influencing how they perceive and interact with their faith. These interactions lead to a diversity of religious interpretations and challenge orthodox structures, illustrating the fragmentation of authority and the emergence of new forms of Muslim belief and identity in cyberspace.

Digital Islam presents itself as an ecosystem that conditions the emergence of a new paradigm of digital religious culture, and by extension, a new posture for the believer. Platforms dedicated to Islam play a crucial role in creating a space of collective meaning, bringing together believers from various traditions and regions. The networking of information disrupts the classic communication pattern, blurring the roles of sender and receiver. The message then becomes a traceability indicator, transforming the receiver into a visitor or user, identifiable by their online activity. This digital dynamic redefines the identities of Muslim users.

The article explores the new ways in which the Islamic religious message is being adopted in the digital age, replacing the traditional order of orthodoxy with new beliefs and emerging power dynamics. These transformations reflect a process of internalizing religious knowledge, illustrating the change in the transmission of faith and power dynamics in the digital context.

Chapter published in Numérique et réel. Quand le numérique nous fait changer de monde, Renaud Hétier and Alexandre Lévy, Peter Lang editions, 2023.

L’islam à l’ère numérique s’insère dans la vie des croyants comme une réalité incontournable, inaugurant ainsi une modalité nouvelle dans la compréhension de la foi islamique. Désormais, le texte sacré, les rites, les traditions et les fatwas (opinions religieuses) sont accessibles et interprétés à travers le prisme technologique. Cette approche numérique permet de contextualiser les croyances dans l’ici et maintenant, offrant une présence quasi immédiate et une contemporanéité qui redéfinit les liens au sein de l’Oumma islamique et façonne une visibilité islamique en constante évolution.

Cet article d’Ali Mostfa met en exergue la transformation du discours religieux islamique à l’ère du numérique. L’islam digital crée un espace où le discours traditionnel est réinterprété, permettant l’émergence de nouvelles formes d’expression religieuse. La nature interactive et immédiate du discours en ligne favorise un échange dynamique entre les croyants, influençant la façon dont ils perçoivent et interagissent avec leur foi. Ces interactions conduisent à une diversité d’interprétations religieuses et remettent en question les structures orthodoxes, illustrant la fragmentation de l’autorité et l’émergence de nouvelles formes de croyance et d’identité musulmanes dans le cyberespace.

L’islam numérique se présente comme un écosystème qui conditionne l’apparition d’un nouveau paradigme de la culture religieuse numérique et, par extension, d’une nouvelle posture pour le croyant. Les plateformes dédiées à l’Islam jouent un rôle crucial dans la création d’un espace de signification collective, rassemblant des croyants de diverses traditions et régions. La mise en réseau des informations perturbe le schéma classique de communication, brouillant les rôles d’émetteur et de récepteur. Le message devient alors un indice de traçabilité, transformant le récepteur en un visiteur ou utilisateur, identifiable par son activité en ligne. Cette dynamique numérique redéfinit les identités des usagers musulmans.

L’article explore les nouvelles façons dont le message religieux islamique est adopté à l’ère numérique, remplaçant l’ordre traditionnel de l’orthodoxie par de nouvelles croyances et des dynamiques de pouvoir émergentes. Ces transformations reflètent un processus d’intériorisation du savoir religieux, illustrant le changement dans la transmission de la foi et les rapports de force dans le contexte numérique.

Chapitre paru dans Numérique et réel. Quand le numérique nous fait changer de mondeRenaud Hétier et Alexandre Lévy, éditions Peter Lang, 2023

الإسلام في العصر الرقمي يدخل حياة المؤمنين كواقع لا يمكن تجاهله، مما يفتتح واقعًا جديدًا في فهم الإيمان الإسلامي. الآن، يمكن الوصول إلى النص المقدس والطقوس والتقاليد والفتاوى (الآراء الدينية) وتفسيرها من خلال العدسة التكنولوجية. تسمح هذه النهج الرقمي بتوضيح المعتقدات في الوقت الحاضر، مما يوفر وجودًا تقريبيًا فوريًا وتعاصرية تعيد تعريف الروابط داخل الأمة الإسلامية وتشكل رؤية إسلامية في تطور مستمر.

يسلط هذا المقال لعلي مصطفى الضوء على تحول الخطاب الديني الإسلامي في عصر الرقمية. يخلق الإسلام الرقمي مساحة حيث يتم إعادة تفسير الخطاب التقليدي، مما يسمح بظهور أشكال جديدة من التعبير الديني. طبيعة التفاعلية والفورية للخطاب عبر الإنترنت تعزز التبادل الديناميكي بين المؤمنين، مما يؤثر على كيفية تصورهم وتفاعلهم مع إيمانهم. تؤدي هذه التفاعلات إلى تنوع في التفسيرات الدينية وتطرح تساؤلات حول الهياكل الأرثوذكسية، مما يوضح تشظي السلطة وظهور أشكال جديدة من الإيمان والهوية الإسلامية في الساحة الافتراضية.

الإسلام الرقمي يظهر كنظام بيئي يشرط ظهور نموذج جديد للثقافة الدينية الرقمية و، بالتوسع، لموقف جديد للمؤمن. تلعب المنصات المخصصة للإسلام دورًا حاسمًا في إنشاء مساحة للمعاناة الجماعية، تجمع بين المؤمنين من مختلف التقاليد والمناطق. يشوش توصيل المعلومات على النمط الكلاسيكي للاتصال، مما يشوه أدوار المرسل والمستقبل. يصبح الرسالة بالتالي دليلاً لتتبع الأثر، محولًا المستقبل إلى زائر أو مستخدم، يمكن تحديده من خلال نشاطه على الإنترنت. هذه الديناميكية الرقمية تعيد تعريف هويات المستخدمين المسلمين.

يستكشف المقال الطرق الجديدة التي يتم بها تبني الرسالة الدينية الإسلامية في العصر الرقمي، حيث يحل محل الترتيب التقليدي للعقيدة بمعتقدات جديدة وديناميات قوة ناشئة. تعكس هذه التحولات عملية استيعاب المعرفة الدينية، مما يوضح التغير في نقل الإيمان وعلاقات القوة في السياق الرقمي.

الفصل الذي نُشر في “الرقمي والحقيقي: عندما يُغير العالم الرقمي عالمنا” لـ رينو هيتييه وألكساندر ليفي، منشورات بيتر لانغ، 2023.

Resources of this researcher

publication

Islam & Otherness. Proceedings of the Pluriel congress in Beirut

Edited by Michel Younès, Ali Mostfa and Roula Talhouk “In a contemporary context marked by a growing tendency to lock oneself into oppositional logics, reflection on otherness in Islam opens ...

article

Making religion online: the case of Islam

Islam in the digital age is becoming an inescapable reality in the lives of believers, thus introducing a new modality in the understanding of Islamic faith. From now on, the sacred text, rituals, ...

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From Islamic Reference to Conservative Pragmatism – The Sinuous Paths of the Moroccan JDP Discourse

"The relationship between the political and religious fields in Morocco is generally based on tactical choices and pragmatic issues, often far from simple ideological orientations. In this context,...

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Authority in Islam. What regulation? Proceedings of the symposium.

“It is often said: “”no clergy in Islam””. In the absence of a hierarchical and universal magisterial authority, what are the instances and figures that serve as regul...

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Religious Radicalism. The Challenges of an Ill-Defined Concept in Europe

Ali Mostfa, professor of linguistics and discourse analysis at the Catholic University of Lyon, analyses the semantic shifts about the notion of religious radicalism, particularly since the Septemb...

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Otherness And Spatial Dimension In The Arabic Language And Culture

Etymologically, the noun âkhar from the verb âkhara, rather draws the action of postponing, أَخَّرَ العَمَلَ, or temporarily deprogramming an action. al-âkhar on some other hand does not establish ...

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Discourses and strategies of otherness: Crossed perspectives and analyses

Summary: The interest of discourse analysis is to highlight the articulations of texts and social locations (Maingueneau, 2012). Questioning the functioning of these formations and the conditions o...

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Religious radicalization. Process of a controversial concept

Introduction : I would like to seize the opportunity of my first participation to the Mediterranean website to raise the issue of radicalisation as a concept, which has permeated the political a...

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Political and Religious Fields in Morocco. Issues and stakes of power and authority

Conference « Religious Authority in Islam », organised by the Centre for the Study of Cultures and Religions and the Research Unit of the Catholic University of Lyon (UCLy), on 18 and 19 November 2...

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