Pluriel

University platform for research on Islam

Initiated by
the Federation
of European
Catholic
Universities

Supported by
the International
Federation
of Catholic
Universities

Publisher : Chronique sociale - Lyon

French

2019
96

When Religion Invites Itself into Business: Tools for Management

How to approach the different facets of the religious when it arises in the field of the enterprise? What role can the common law or rule have? What help can good practices in this area bring, without falling into the logic of ready-made recipes? Questions that arise, sometimes on a background of religious “inculture” and a cruel lack of “tools” of adapted knowledge.
The first part of this book is based on the idea that is now established in modern and secularized societies on the separation of the spheres, public and private. But the goal here is to understand how this idea is challenged by practice. The second part deals directly with management from several angles of approach. First of all, the legal framework is to recall the contours of the rules in force. Two strictly managerial chapters shed light on specific managerial tools, based on good practices, or on lived experiences. The third part summarizes the strong convictions:
– to think of the notion of “dialogue” as a finality and not as an end;
– addressing cultural and religious diversity in an interactive way rather than a passive juxtaposition;
– take into account the question of spirituality in business, as an issue to consider;
– change its view of the complexity of the world rather than wanting to change it;
– the fraternity which, far from being a fantasized utopia, can transform relations in societies and companies, a sure value which forbids discrimination and avoids compartmentalization.

Presentation and purchase order

Comment aborder les différentes facettes du religieux quand il surgit sur le terrain de l’entreprise ? Quel rôle peut avoir le droit ou la règle commune ? Quelle aide peuvent apporter les bonnes pratiques en la matière, sans tomber dans la logique des recettes toutes faites ? Des questions qui surgissent, parfois sur un fond “d’inculture” religieuse et d’un manque cruel d’”outils” de connaissance adaptés.

La première partie de cet ouvrage part de l’idée désormais installée dans les sociétés modernes et sécularisées sur la séparation des sphères, publique et privée. Mais le but ici est de comprendre comment cette idée est contestée par la pratique. La deuxième partie aborde directement la question du management suivant plusieurs angles d’approche. En convoquant d’abord le cadre juridique, il s’agit de rappeler les contours des règles en vigueur. Deux chapitres proprement managériaux éclairent, à partir des bonnes pratiques, ou d’expériences vécues, des outils managériaux spécifiques. La troisième partie résume les convictions fortes :

  • penser la notion de “dialogue” comme une finalité et non pas comme une fin ;
  • aborder la diversité culturelle et religieuse suivant une logique interactive plutôt qu’une juxtaposition passive ;
  • prendre en compte la question de la spiritualité en entreprise, comme un enjeu à réfléchir ;
  • changer son regard sur la complexité du monde plutôt que de vouloir le changer ;
  • la fraternité qui, loin d’être une utopie fantasmée, peut transformer les rapports dans les sociétés et les entreprises, une valeur sûre qui interdit les discriminations et évite les cloisonnements.

Présentation et bon de commande

كيف لنا أن نعالجَ مختلف أوجه العنصر الدينيّ حينما يظهر في عالم الأعمالِ؟ ما الدور الذي قد يؤدّيه القانون أو النظام المشترك؟ ما المساعدة التي قد تقدِّمها الممارسات الحسنة في هذا السياق من دون الوقوع في منطقِ الصيغ الجاهزة والمُعَدّة مُسبقاً؟ أسئلةٌ تنبثق أحياناً من خلفية “غياب الثقافة” الدينيّة أو نقص فاضح في”الأدوات” المعرفيّة المُكيَّفة.

يستندُ القسم الأوّل من هذا الكتاب إلى الفكرة المرسّخة في المجتمعات الحديثة والعلمانية والقائمة على فصلِ المجالين العام والخاصّ. إلّا أنّ الهدفَ في هذا الإطار يكمن في فهم كيفية دحض هذه الفكرة بالممارسة والتطبيق. ويعالج القسم الثاني مسألة الإدارة بشكل مباشرٍ من خلال مقاربتها من زوايا عدّة، فيعمدُ إلى التذكير بالقواعد السارية المفعول مستنداً إلى الإطار القانوني. ويخَصُّ الشقَّ الإداريَّ بفصلَين يشرحان بوضوحٍ أدوات إدرايّة معيّنة إنطلاقاً من الممارسات الحسنة أو من الخبرات المُعاشة. أمّا القسم الثالث فيختصر القناعات الراسخة:
التفكير في مفهوم “الحوار” على أنّه السعي لبلوغ الغاية وليس الغاية بحدّ ذاتها؛
مقاربة التنوّع الثقافي والديني باتّباع منطق تفاعلي بدلاً من تجاور خامل؛
اعتبار مسألة الروحانية في مجال الأعمال كمجازفة يجدر التفكير فيها؛
تغيير النظرة إلى تعقيدات العالم بدلاً من إبداء الرغبة في تغييره؛

إنّ الأخوّة ليست فكرةً فاضلةً خياليّة بل مفهوماً قادراً على تغيير العلاقات في المجتمعات والشركات. إنّها قيمة حقيقيّة راسخة تحظّر التمييز وتحول دون وقوع الانفصالات والانقسامات.

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