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After a research programme on religious, Islamic and Biblical fundamentalism, and a deconstructivist approach to fundamentalism, we thought it was important to approach the notion of authority in link with religion, especially in Islamic context. Persons with authority or identified places of authority are not a simple process. This is all the more true in the Sunni Muslim tradition, the absence of a designation by the Prophet of an institution willing to regulate the religious questions will open the way to a plurality of modalities that may be of theological or theological-political nature.
In a globalized context where the impact of religious discourse takes various forms, the establishment of a religious authority can be confused with the number of followers or subscribers to a Youtube-like channel.
This research programme aims to examine the process of authority in Islam, the ways it is expressed and its modes of legitimization. Three building blocks will be examined:
The first one is both notional and historical. This block will be dedicated to the understanding of authority in its historical formation. How was the authority between the pre-Islamic period and the beginning of the Muslim era conceived? In what way do the Qur’an and the Hadiths convey it? What do terms like: “sulta”, “ri’âsa”, “Hakimiyya” … mean and how did they evolve over the years? How philosophers such as al-Farabi or al-Ghazali, as well as mystical figures approached the concept of authority? ·
The second block will address the specificities of the notion of authority in Sunni and Shiite contexts. How is the perception of authority is constructed in an environment where there is no hierarchy clearly assumed at the level of representativeness? What are the main characteristics and specificities Shiites in relation to Sunni considerations? ·
The third block will address the figure of authority, its constitution and its modes of legitimization in the contemporary context. Who is the figure of authority in France, in Switzerland, in the Maghreb, in Indonesia … and why? Following what process? What legitimacy do Muslim institutions have? Who can be said to have a legitimate theological authority? What is the place of female figures? How is the authority of the Salafist movements constructed?
Director of the St. Augustine College of Dakar, Senegal, Institute of Philosophy and Theology
Professor in theology and history of religions, doctor in philosophy and letters: studies on the Arab world - Catholic University of Lille.
Research fellow at CECR, UCLy
Bénédicte Du Chaffaut
Researcher at the Centre d'Etudes des Cultures et des Religions of the Catholic University of Lyon
Ph. D in Arab studies, ENS Lyon,
Professor Emeritus, Specialisation in Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Lyon 3, Jean Moulin
Doctoral student at the Catholic University of Lyon
Parish priest and formation officer for the diocese of Valence (France)
Lecturer on the Arab-Muslim world and intercultural representations - Catholic University of Lyon.
Director of the Dominican Institute of Oriental Studies (IDEO, Cairo).
Senior Lecturer in Political Science at Science Po Lyon
Director of Missio Switzerland (Director of the Pontifical Missionary Works in Switzerland)
Professor of Theology and Islam Studies, Deputy Director of the Research Unit "CONFLUENCE Sciences & Humanités", Director of the Centre for the Study of Cultures and Religions (CECR) - UCLy
Authority and Regulation in Islam - Research group in Lyon
Presentation of the research group on “Authority and Regulation in Islam” of the Centre for Cultural and Religious Studies (CECR, UCLy) with Michel Younès, Erwin Tanner and Haoues Seniguer. The ...
In Islam, why is it difficult to identify legitimate sources of authority?
Elements of answers to a question studied by the research group on the subject “Authority and regulation in Islam” of the Center for the study of cultures and religions (CECR, UCLy). with Emmanu...
Who is an authority in Islam in Switzerland and France?
Elements of answers to a question studied by the research group on the theme “Authority and regulation in Islam” of the Centre for the Study of Cultures and Religions (CECR, UCLy) The question i...
In Islam, why do certain people occupy the center of the scene more than others?
Elements of answers to a question studied by the research group on the theme “Authority and regulation in Islam” of the Centre for the Study of Cultures and Religions (CECR, UCLy) The group brings together ...
Replay / Conference “Religious authority in Islam”
Since 2019, the Pluriel group from Lyon group has brought together 14 researchers around the question of the legitimisation of religious authority in Islam. The closing conference of this research ...
to 18/11/21 to 19/11/21
Conference / Religious authority in Islam
Conference organised by the Centre d'études des cultures et des religions (UCLy, Lyon) on 18 and 19 November 2021 Presentation Being a repository of authority or being recognised as a place o...
DEADLINE : 15/09/21
CALL FOR PAPER
Religions and Freedom of speech
Conference organized by Lyon catholic University on May, 9th and 10th, 2022 Présentation Le 16 octobre 2020, Samuel Paty professeur de l'Éducation Nationale, perdait la vie sous les coups d'u...